Add Open With items to the context menus. https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/374
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 8aad8721b596501867e0a30f4fa9c759fabfa3cd..a57831b7f14c8e4d0df81492c79099c63ca8964d 100644 (file)
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright © 2015-2017 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+ * Copyright © 2015-2019 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
  * Download cookie code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
 
 package com.stoutner.privacybrowser.activities;
 
+import android.Manifest;
 import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
+import android.app.Activity;
 import android.app.DialogFragment;
 import android.app.DownloadManager;
+import android.app.SearchManager;
+import android.content.ActivityNotFoundException;
 import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
 import android.content.ClipData;
 import android.content.ClipboardManager;
@@ -31,7 +35,9 @@ import android.content.Context;
 import android.content.Intent;
 import android.content.IntentFilter;
 import android.content.SharedPreferences;
+import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
 import android.content.res.Configuration;
+import android.content.res.Resources;
 import android.database.Cursor;
 import android.graphics.Bitmap;
 import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
@@ -41,8 +47,10 @@ import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
 import android.net.Uri;
 import android.net.http.SslCertificate;
 import android.net.http.SslError;
+import android.os.AsyncTask;
 import android.os.Build;
 import android.os.Bundle;
+import android.os.Environment;
 import android.os.Handler;
 import android.preference.PreferenceManager;
 import android.print.PrintDocumentAdapter;
@@ -54,6 +62,10 @@ import android.support.design.widget.NavigationView;
 import android.support.design.widget.Snackbar;
 import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
 import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
+// `ShortcutInfoCompat`, `ShortcutManagerCompat`, and `IconCompat` can be switched to the non-compat version once API >= 26.
+import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutInfoCompat;
+import android.support.v4.content.pm.ShortcutManagerCompat;
+import android.support.v4.graphics.drawable.IconCompat;
 import android.support.v4.view.GravityCompat;
 import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;
 import android.support.v4.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
@@ -80,13 +92,16 @@ import android.view.inputmethod.InputMethodManager;
 import android.webkit.CookieManager;
 import android.webkit.HttpAuthHandler;
 import android.webkit.SslErrorHandler;
+import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
 import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
+import android.webkit.WebSettings;
 import android.webkit.WebStorage;
 import android.webkit.WebView;
 import android.webkit.WebViewClient;
 import android.webkit.WebViewDatabase;
+import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
 import android.widget.CursorAdapter;
 import android.widget.EditText;
 import android.widget.FrameLayout;
@@ -98,124 +113,204 @@ import android.widget.RadioButton;
 import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
 import android.widget.TextView;
 
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BannerAd;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.BuildConfig;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.R;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AddDomainDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.AdConsentDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadImageDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedMismatchDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BlockListHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.BookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.DomainsDatabaseHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.OrbotProxyHelper;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadFileDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.SslCertificateErrorDialog;
 
-import java.io.BufferedReader;
 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 import java.io.File;
 import java.io.IOException;
-import java.io.InputStreamReader;
 import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
+import java.lang.ref.WeakReference;
+import java.net.InetAddress;
 import java.net.MalformedURLException;
 import java.net.URL;
 import java.net.URLDecoder;
 import java.net.URLEncoder;
+import java.net.UnknownHostException;
+import java.util.ArrayList;
 import java.util.Date;
 import java.util.HashMap;
 import java.util.HashSet;
+import java.util.List;
 import java.util.Map;
 import java.util.Set;
 
-// We need to use AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
-public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainDialog.AddDomainListener, CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener, CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.CreateHomeScreenSchortcutListener,
-        DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener, EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener, HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener,
-        NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchListener, SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
+// AppCompatActivity from android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity must be used to have access to the SupportActionBar until the minimum API is >= 21.
+public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
+        CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.CreateHomeScreenShortcutListener, DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener,
+        DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener, EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener,
+        HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PinnedMismatchDialog.PinnedMismatchListener,
+        SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
 
-    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from `AboutActivity`, `GuideActivity`, `AddDomainDialog`, `SettingsActivity`, `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `BookmarksActivity`, `BookmarksDatabaseViewActivity`,
-    // `CreateBookmarkDialog`, `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog`, `DownloadFileDialog`, `DownloadImageDialog`, `EditBookmarkDialog`, `EditBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDatabaseViewDialog`, `HttpAuthenticationDialog`, `MoveToFolderDialog`,
-    // `SslCertificateErrorDialog`, `UrlHistoryDialog`, `ViewSslCertificateDialog`, `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`, and `OrbotProxyHelper`. It is also used in `onCreate()`, `applyAppSettings()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+    // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
     public static boolean darkTheme;
 
-    // `favoriteIconBitmap` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `BookmarksDatabaseViewActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDialog`,
-    // `EditBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDatabaseViewDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`,
-    // `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    // `allowScreenshots` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
+    public static boolean allowScreenshots;
+
+    // `favoriteIconBitmap` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `BookmarksDatabaseViewActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`,
+    // `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDialog`, `EditBookmarkFolderDialog`, `EditBookmarkDatabaseViewDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`,
+    // `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     public static Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap;
 
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, and `AddDomainDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, and `loadUrlFromTextBox()`.
+    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
+    public static Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
+
+    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `AddDomainDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
+    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String formattedUrlString;
 
-    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
+    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
+    // It is also used in `onCreate()`.
     public static SslCertificate sslCertificate;
 
-    // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
+    // `currentHostIpAddresses` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainSettingsFragment` and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
+    // It is also used in `onCreate()` and `GetHostIpAddresses()`.
+    public static String currentHostIpAddresses;
+
+    // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
     // `webViewTitle` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateBookmarkDialog` and `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
     public static String webViewTitle;
 
-    // `displayWebpageImagesBoolean` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainSettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `applyAppSettings()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static boolean displayWebpageImagesBoolean;
+    // `appliedUserAgentString` is public static so it can be accessed from `ViewSourceActivity`.  It is also used in `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    public static String appliedUserAgentString;
 
     // `reloadOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`
     public static boolean reloadOnRestart;
 
-    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
+    // `reloadUrlOnRestart` is public static so it can be accessed from `SettingsFragment` and `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean loadUrlOnRestart;
 
     // `restartFromBookmarksActivity` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onRestart()`.
     public static boolean restartFromBookmarksActivity;
 
-    // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and
-    // `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
+    // The block list versions are public static so they can be accessed from `AboutTabFragment`.  They are also used in `onCreate()`.
+    public static String easyListVersion;
+    public static String easyPrivacyVersion;
+    public static String fanboysAnnoyanceVersion;
+    public static String fanboysSocialVersion;
+    public static String ultraPrivacyVersion;
+
+    // The request items are public static so they can be accessed by `BlockListHelper`, `RequestsArrayAdapter`, and `ViewRequestsDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
+    public static List<String[]> resourceRequests;
+    public static String[] whiteListResultStringArray;
+    private int blockedRequests;
+    private int easyListBlockedRequests;
+    private int easyPrivacyBlockedRequests;
+    private int fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests;
+    private int fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests;
+    private int ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests;
+    private int thirdPartyBlockedRequests;
+
+    public final static int REQUEST_DISPOSITION = 0;
+    public final static int REQUEST_URL = 1;
+    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST = 2;
+    public final static int REQUEST_SUBLIST = 3;
+    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ENTRIES = 4;
+    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKLIST_ORIGINAL_ENTRY = 5;
+
+    public final static int REQUEST_DEFAULT = 0;
+    public final static int REQUEST_ALLOWED = 1;
+    public final static int REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY = 2;
+    public final static int REQUEST_BLOCKED = 3;
+
+    public final static int MAIN_WHITELIST = 1;
+    public final static int FINAL_WHITELIST = 2;
+    public final static int DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 3;
+    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 4;
+    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_WHITELIST = 5;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_WHITELIST = 6;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_WHITELIST = 7;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_WHITELIST = 8;
+
+    public final static int MAIN_BLACKLIST = 9;
+    public final static int INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 10;
+    public final static int FINAL_BLACKLIST = 11;
+    public final static int DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 12;
+    public final static int DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 13;
+    public final static int DOMAIN_FINAL_BLACKLIST = 14;
+    public final static int DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 15;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_BLACKLIST = 16;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 17;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_BLACKLIST = 18;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_INITIAL_BLACKLIST = 19;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 20;
+    public final static int THIRD_PARTY_DOMAIN_REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 21;
+    public final static int REGULAR_EXPRESSION_BLACKLIST = 22;
+
+    // `blockAllThirdPartyRequests` is public static so it can be accessed from `RequestsActivity`.
+    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`
+    public static boolean blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
+
+    // `currentBookmarksFolder` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onBackPressed()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`,
+    // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
 
-    // `domainSettingsDatabaseId` is public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    // `domainSettingsDatabaseId` is public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     public static int domainSettingsDatabaseId;
 
-    // The pinned domain SSL Certificate variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslStartDate;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslEndDate;
-
-
-    // `appBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // The pinned variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToCName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToOName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToUName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByCName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByOName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByUName;
+    public static Date pinnedSslStartDate;
+    public static Date pinnedSslEndDate;
+    public static String pinnedHostIpAddresses;
+
+    // The user agent constants are public static so they can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`, `DomainsActivity`, and `DomainSettingsFragment`.
+    public final static int UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT = -1;
+    public final static int SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 1;
+    public final static int SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT = 12;
+    public final static int DOMAINS_SYSTEM_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 0;
+    public final static int DOMAINS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 2;
+    public final static int DOMAINS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT = 13;
+
+
+    // `appBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private ActionBar appBar;
 
     // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean navigatingHistory;
 
-    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
-    private Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-
     // `drawerLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `onBackPressed()`, and `onRestart()`.
     private DrawerLayout drawerLayout;
 
     // `rootCoordinatorLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private CoordinatorLayout rootCoordinatorLayout;
 
-    // `mainWebView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`, `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`
-    // `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
+    // `mainWebView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
+    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private WebView mainWebView;
 
     // `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
     private FrameLayout fullScreenVideoFrameLayout;
 
-    // `swipeRefreshLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu`, and `onRestart()`.
+    // `swipeRefreshLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onRestart()`.
     private SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout;
 
     // `urlAppBarRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
@@ -242,27 +337,52 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // `domStorageEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean domStorageEnabled;
 
-    // `saveFormDataEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    // `saveFormDataEnabled` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.  It can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
     private boolean saveFormDataEnabled;
 
-    // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()` and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean nightMode;
 
-    // `swipeToRefreshEnabled` is used in `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean swipeToRefreshEnabled;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private String homepage;
 
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private String searchURL;
 
-    // `adBlockerEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private boolean adBlockerEnabled;
+    // `mainMenu` is used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
+    private Menu mainMenu;
+
+    // `refreshMenuItem` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
+    private MenuItem refreshMenuItem;
+
+    // The blocklist menu items are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
+    private MenuItem blocklistsMenuItem;
+    private MenuItem easyListMenuItem;
+    private MenuItem easyPrivacyMenuItem;
+    private MenuItem fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem;
+    private MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem;
+    private MenuItem ultraPrivacyMenuItem;
+    private MenuItem blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem;
+
+    // The blocklist variables are used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    private boolean easyListEnabled;
+    private boolean easyPrivacyEnabled;
+    private boolean fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
+    private boolean fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
+    private boolean ultraPrivacyEnabled;
+
+    // `webViewDefaultUserAgent` is used in `onCreate()` and `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`.
+    private String webViewDefaultUserAgent;
+
+    // `defaultCustomUserAgentString` is used in `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private String defaultCustomUserAgentString;
 
     // `privacyBrowserRuntime` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private Runtime privacyBrowserRuntime;
 
+    // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
+    private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
+
     // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private boolean incognitoModeEnabled;
 
@@ -281,26 +401,41 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, and `onAddDomain()`, .
     private boolean reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart;
 
+    // `reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart` is used in `onNavigationItemSelected()` and `onRestart()`.
+    private boolean reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart;
+
+    // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
+    private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
+
+    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;
+
     // `currentDomainName` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onAddDomain()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private String currentDomainName;
 
-    // `ignorePinnedSslCertificateForDomain` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslMismatchProceed()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean ignorePinnedSslCertificate;
+    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean pinnedSslCertificate;
+
+    // `pinnedIpAddress` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean pinnedIpAddresses;
 
-    // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `ignorePinnedDomainInformation` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslMismatchProceed()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean ignorePinnedDomainInformation;
+
+    // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
+    private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
+
+    // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsApplied` is used in `prepareOptionsMenu()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
+    // `domainSettingsApplied` is used in `prepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean domainSettingsApplied;
 
-    // `displayWebpageImagesInt` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private int displayWebpageImagesInt;
+    // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
 
-    // `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private boolean onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet;
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotData` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHTMLString;
+    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
+    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;
 
     // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
     private String privateDataDirectoryString;
@@ -311,8 +446,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // `findOnPageEditText` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `closeFindOnPage()`.
     private EditText findOnPageEditText;
 
-    // `mainMenu` is used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
-    private Menu mainMenu;
+    // `displayAdditionalAppBarIcons` is used in `onCreate()` and `onCreateOptionsMenu()`.
+    private boolean displayAdditionalAppBarIcons;
 
     // `drawerToggle` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPostCreate()`, `onConfigurationChanged()`, `onNewIntent()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
     private ActionBarDrawerToggle drawerToggle;
@@ -323,17 +458,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // `urlTextBox` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `loadUrl()`, and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private EditText urlTextBox;
 
-    // `redColorSpan` is used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
+    // The color spans are used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan redColorSpan;
-
-    // `initialGrayColorSpan` is sued in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan initialGrayColorSpan;
-
-    // `finalGrayColorSpam` is used in `onCreate()` and `highlightUrlText()`.
     private ForegroundColorSpan finalGrayColorSpan;
 
-    // `adView` is used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
-    private View adView;
+    // The drawer header padding variables are used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
 
     // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
     private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;
@@ -347,13 +480,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // `mainWebViewRelativeLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
     private RelativeLayout mainWebViewRelativeLayout;
 
-    // `urlIsLoading` is used in `onCreate()`, `loadUrl()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    // `urlIsLoading` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `loadUrl()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean urlIsLoading;
 
-    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean pinnedDomainSslCertificate;
-
-    // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
+    // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
+    // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
 
     // `bookmarksListView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
@@ -362,7 +493,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // `bookmarksTitleTextView` is used in `onCreate()` and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private TextView bookmarksTitleTextView;
 
-    // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
+    // `bookmarksCursor` is used in `onDestroy()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private Cursor bookmarksCursor;
 
     // `bookmarksCursorAdapter` is used in `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()` `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
@@ -371,17 +502,43 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // `oldFolderNameString` is used in `onCreate()` and `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`.
     private String oldFolderNameString;
 
+    // `fileChooserCallback` is used in `onCreate()` and `onActivityResult()`.
+    private ValueCallback<Uri[]> fileChooserCallback;
+
+    // The download strings are used in `onCreate()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    private String downloadUrl;
+    private String downloadContentDisposition;
+    private long downloadContentLength;
+
+    // `downloadImageUrl` is used in `onCreateContextMenu()` and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    private String downloadImageUrl;
+
+    // The user agent variables are used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> userAgentNamesArray;
+    private String[] userAgentDataArray;
+
+    // The request codes are used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog()`, and `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+    private final int DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE = 1;
+    private final int DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE = 2;
+
     @Override
     // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.  The whole premise of Privacy Browser is built around an understanding of these dangers.
-    @SuppressLint({"SetJavaScriptEnabled"})
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+    // Also, remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
+    @SuppressLint({"SetJavaScriptEnabled", "ClickableViewAccessibility"})
+    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  The deprecated `getColor()` must be used until API >= 23.
     @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
-        // Get a handle for `sharedPreferences`.  `this` references the current context.
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Get the theme preference.
+        // Get the theme and screenshot preferences.
         darkTheme = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dark_theme", false);
+        allowScreenshots = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("allow_screenshots", false);
+
+        // Disable screenshots if not allowed.
+        if (!allowScreenshots) {
+            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_SECURE);
+        }
 
         // Set the activity theme.
         if (darkTheme) {
@@ -396,6 +553,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_drawerlayout);
 
+        // Get a handle for the resources.
+        Resources resources = getResources();
+
         // Get a handle for `inputMethodManager`.
         inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
@@ -411,37 +571,37 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         appBar.setCustomView(R.layout.url_app_bar);
         appBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
-        // Initialize the `ForegroundColorSpans` and `StyleSpan` for highlighting `urlTextBox`.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
 
         // Get a handle for `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox = appBar.getCustomView().findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
+        urlTextBox = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
 
         // Remove the formatting from `urlTextBar` when the user is editing the text.
-        urlTextBox.setOnFocusChangeListener((v, hasFocus) -> {
-            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing `urlTextBox`.
+        urlTextBox.setOnFocusChangeListener((View v, boolean hasFocus) -> {
+            if (hasFocus) {  // The user is editing the URL text box.
                 // Remove the highlighting.
                 urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(redColorSpan);
                 urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(initialGrayColorSpan);
                 urlTextBox.getText().removeSpan(finalGrayColorSpan);
-            } else {  // The user has stopped editing `urlTextBox`.
+            } else {  // The user has stopped editing the URL text box.
+                // Move to the beginning of the string.
+                urlTextBox.setSelection(0);
+
                 // Reapply the highlighting.
                 highlightUrlText();
             }
         });
 
-        // Set the `Go` button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
-        urlTextBox.setOnKeyListener((v, keyCode, event) -> {
+        // Set the go button on the keyboard to load the URL in `urlTextBox`.
+        urlTextBox.setOnKeyListener((View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) -> {
             // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
             if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
                 // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                try {
-                    loadUrlFromTextBox();
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
-                    e.printStackTrace();
-                }
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+
                 // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
                 return true;
             } else {
@@ -451,7 +611,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         });
 
         // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHTMLString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
 
         // Initialize `currentDomainName`, `orbotStatus`, and `waitingForOrbot`.
         currentDomainName = "";
@@ -459,13 +619,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         waitingForOrbot = false;
 
         // Create an Orbot status `BroadcastReceiver`.
-        BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
+        orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
             @Override
             public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
                 // Store the content of the status message in `orbotStatus`.
                 orbotStatus = intent.getStringExtra("org.torproject.android.intent.extra.STATUS");
 
-                // If we are waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
+                // If Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot, load the website now that Orbot is connected.
                 if (orbotStatus.equals("ON") && waitingForOrbot) {
                     // Reset `waitingForOrbot`.
                     waitingForOrbot = false;
@@ -497,15 +657,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
         // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
         if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_850));
         } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.white));
         }
 
         // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
@@ -520,18 +680,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             startActivity(bookmarksIntent);
         });
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display the `AlertDialog`.
+        // Set the create new bookmark folder FAB to display an alert dialog.
         createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
             // Show the `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_folder`.
             AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = new CreateBookmarkFolderDialog();
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_folder));
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.create_folder));
         });
 
-        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display the `AlertDialog`.
+        // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
         createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
             // Show the `CreateBookmarkDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_bookmark`.
             AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = new CreateBookmarkDialog();
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
         });
 
         // Create a double-tap listener to toggle full-screen mode.
@@ -547,9 +707,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                         // Hide the `appBar`.
                         appBar.hide();
 
-                        // Hide the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
+                        // Hide the banner ad in the free flavor.
                         if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            BannerAd.hideAd(adView);
+                            // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+                            AdHelper.hideAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
                         }
 
                         // Modify the system bars.
@@ -562,7 +723,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
                             /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
                              * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically rehides them after they are shown.
+                             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
                              */
                             rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
 
@@ -572,7 +733,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                             // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fit under the status and navigation bars.
                             rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
 
-                            if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {  // There is an Android Support Library bug that causes a scrim to print on the right side of the `Drawer Layout` when the navigation bar is displayed on the right of the screen.
+                            // There is an Android Support Library bug that causes a scrim to print on the right side of the `Drawer Layout` when the navigation bar is displayed on the right of the screen.
+                            if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {
                                 // Set the navigation bar to be translucent.
                                 getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
                             }
@@ -583,11 +745,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
                         // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
                         if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                            // Reload the ad.  Because the screen may have rotated, we need to use `reloadAfterRotate`.
-                            BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate(adView, getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_id));
-
-                            // Reinitialize the `adView` variable, as the `View` will have been removed and re-added by `BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate()`.
-                            adView = findViewById(R.id.adview);
+                            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+                            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
                         }
 
                         // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
@@ -623,7 +782,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         // Update `findOnPageCountTextView`.
         mainWebView.setFindListener(new WebView.FindListener() {
             // Get a handle for `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-            final TextView findOnPageCountTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_count_textview);
+            final TextView findOnPageCountTextView = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_count_textview);
 
             @Override
             public void onFindResultReceived(int activeMatchOrdinal, int numberOfMatches, boolean isDoneCounting) {
@@ -676,11 +835,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             }
         });
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh
-        swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swipe_refreshlayout);
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_700);
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
         swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> mainWebView.reload());
 
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_600);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_700);
+        }
+
         // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
         drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
         drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
@@ -694,9 +860,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         final MenuItem navigationBackMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(1);
         final MenuItem navigationForwardMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(2);
         final MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
+        final MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
 
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  `this` specifies the context.  The two `nulls` do not specify the database name or a `CursorFactory`.
-        // The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
         bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
         // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
@@ -709,8 +875,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             // Convert the id from long to int to match the format of the bookmarks database.
             int databaseID = (int) id;
 
-            // Get the bookmark `Cursor` for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarkCursor(databaseID);
+            // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
             bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
             // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
@@ -745,44 +911,72 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
                 // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
                 AppCompatDialogFragment editFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+                editFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.edit_folder));
             } else {
                 // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
                 AppCompatDialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
             }
 
             // Consume the event.
             return true;
         });
 
-        // The `DrawerListener` allows us to update the Navigation Menu.
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = resources.getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = resources.getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = resources.getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
         drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
             @Override
-            public void onDrawerSlide(View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
+            public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
             }
 
             @Override
-            public void onDrawerOpened(View drawerView) {
+            public void onDrawerOpened(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
             @Override
-            public void onDrawerClosed(View drawerView) {
+            public void onDrawerClosed(@NonNull View drawerView) {
             }
 
             @Override
             public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
-                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // The drawer is opening or closing.
-                    // Update the `Back`, `Forward`, and `History` menu items.
+                if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
+
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
+
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
+
+                    // Update the back, forward, history, and requests menu items.
                     navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoBack());
                     navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoForward());
                     navigationHistoryMenuItem.setEnabled((mainWebView.canGoBack() || mainWebView.canGoForward()));
+                    navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
 
-                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed) so we can see the navigation menu.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
+                    // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
                     inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-                    // Clear the focus from `urlTextBox` if it has it.
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
                     urlTextBox.clearFocus();
+                    mainWebView.clearFocus();
                 }
             }
         });
@@ -790,511 +984,918 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         // drawerToggle creates the hamburger icon at the start of the AppBar.
         drawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(this, drawerLayout, supportAppBar, R.string.open_navigation_drawer, R.string.close_navigation_drawer);
 
-        // Initialize `adServerSet`.
-        final Set<String> adServersSet = new HashSet<>();
-
-        // Load the list of ad servers into memory.
-        try {
-            // Load `pgl.yoyo.org_adservers.txt` into a `BufferedReader`.
-            BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(getAssets().open("pgl.yoyo.org_adservers.txt")));
-
-            // Create a string for storing each ad server.
-            String adServer;
-
-            // Populate `adServersSet`.
-            while ((adServer = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
-                adServersSet.add(adServer);
-            }
-
-            // Close `bufferedReader`.
-            bufferedReader.close();
-        } catch (IOException ioException) {
-            // We're pretty sure the asset exists, so we don't need to worry about the `IOException` ever being thrown.
-        }
+        // Get a handle for the progress bar.
+        final ProgressBar progressBar = findViewById(R.id.progress_bar);
 
-        mainWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
-            // `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` makes this `WebView` the default handler for URLs inside the app, so that links are not kicked out to other apps.
-            // We have to use the deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` until API >= 24.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
+        mainWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
+            // Update the progress bar when a page is loading.
             @Override
-            public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
-                if (url.startsWith("mailto:")) {  // Load the email address in an external email program.
-                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
-                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
-
-                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
-                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
-
-                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the email program in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
-
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+            public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
+                // Inject the night mode CSS if night mode is enabled.
+                if (nightMode) {
+                    // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links
+                    // used by WordPress.  `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.
+                    // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.  `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.
+                    // `::selection {background: #0D47A1}' sets the text selection highlight color to be a dark blue. `!important` takes precedent over any existing sub-settings.
+                    mainWebView.evaluateJavascript("(function() {var parent = document.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0); var style = document.createElement('style'); style.type = 'text/css'; " +
+                            "style.innerHTML = '* {background-color: #212121 !important; color: #BDBDBD !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-decoration: none !important;" +
+                            "text-shadow: none !important; border: none !important;} a {color: #1565C0 !important;} ::selection {background: #0D47A1 !important;}'; parent.appendChild(style)})()", value -> {
+                                // Initialize a handler to display `mainWebView`.
+                                Handler displayWebViewHandler = new Handler();
 
-                    // Returning `true` indicates the application is handling the URL.
-                    return true;
-                } else if (url.startsWith("tel:")) {  // Load the phone number in the dialer.
-                    // `ACTION_DIAL` open the dialer and loads the phone number, but waits for the user to place the call.
-                    Intent dialIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL);
+                                // Setup a runnable to display `mainWebView` after a delay to allow the CSS to be applied.
+                                Runnable displayWebViewRunnable = () -> {
+                                    // Only display `mainWebView` if the progress bar is gone.  This prevents the display of the `WebView` while it is still loading.
+                                    if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
+                                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                                    }
+                                };
 
-                    // Add the phone number to the intent.
-                    dialIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+                                // Displaying of `mainWebView` after 500 milliseconds.
+                                displayWebViewHandler.postDelayed(displayWebViewRunnable, 500);
+                            });
+                }
 
-                    // `FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK` opens the dialer in a new task instead as part of Privacy Browser.
-                    dialIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+                // Update the progress bar.
+                progressBar.setProgress(progress);
 
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(dialIntent);
+                // Set the visibility of the progress bar.
+                if (progress < 100) {
+                    // Show the progress bar.
+                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                } else {
+                    // Hide the progress bar.
+                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                    // Returning `true` indicates the application is handling the URL.
-                    return true;
-                } else {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
-                    // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.
-                    applyDomainSettings(url);
+                    // Display `mainWebView` if night mode is disabled.
+                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`, when night mode is set by domain settings the `WebView` may be hidden even if night mode is not
+                    // currently enabled.
+                    if (!nightMode) {
+                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                    }
 
-                    // Returning `false` causes the current `WebView` to handle the URL and prevents it from adding redirects to the history list.
-                    return false;
+                    //Stop the swipe to refresh indicator if it is running
+                    swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
                 }
             }
 
-            // Block ads.  We have to use the deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest` until minimum API >= 21.
-            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
+            // Set the favorite icon when it changes.
             @Override
-            public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url){
-                if (adBlockerEnabled) {  // Block ads.
-                    // Extract the host from `url`.
-                    Uri requestUri = Uri.parse(url);
-                    String requestHost = requestUri.getHost();
-
-                    // Initialize a variable to track if this is an ad server.
-                    boolean requestHostIsAdServer = false;
-
-                    // Check all the subdomains of `requestHost` if it is not `null` against the ad server database.
-                    if (requestHost != null) {
-                        while (requestHost.contains(".") && !requestHostIsAdServer) {  // Stop checking if we run out of `.` or if we already know that `requestHostIsAdServer` is `true`.
-                            if (adServersSet.contains(requestHost)) {
-                                requestHostIsAdServer = true;
-                            }
-
-                            // Strip out the lowest subdomain of `requestHost`.
-                            requestHost = requestHost.substring(requestHost.indexOf(".") + 1);
-                        }
-                    }
+            public void onReceivedIcon(WebView view, Bitmap icon) {
+                // Only update the favorite icon if the website has finished loading.
+                if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
+                    // Save a copy of the favorite icon.
+                    favoriteIconBitmap = icon;
 
-                    if (requestHostIsAdServer) {  // It is an ad server.
-                        // Return an empty `WebResourceResponse`.
-                        return new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
-                    } else {  // It is not an ad server.
-                        // `return null` loads the requested resource.
-                        return null;
-                    }
-                } else {  // Ad blocking is disabled.
-                    // `return null` loads the requested resource.
-                    return null;
+                    // Place the favorite icon in the appBar.
+                    favoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
                 }
             }
 
-            // Handle HTTP authentication requests.
+            // Save a copy of the title when it changes.
             @Override
-            public void onReceivedHttpAuthRequest(WebView view, HttpAuthHandler handler, String host, String realm) {
-                // Store `handler` so it can be accessed from `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()` and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
-                httpAuthHandler = handler;
-
-                // Display the HTTP authentication dialog.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment httpAuthenticationDialogFragment = HttpAuthenticationDialog.displayDialog(host, realm);
-                httpAuthenticationDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.http_authentication));
+            public void onReceivedTitle(WebView view, String title) {
+                // Save a copy of the title.
+                webViewTitle = title;
             }
 
-            // Update the URL in urlTextBox when the page starts to load.
+            // Enter full screen video.
             @Override
-            public void onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) {
-                // If night mode is enabled, hide `mainWebView` until after the night mode CSS is applied.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    mainWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
+            public void onShowCustomView(View view, CustomViewCallback callback) {
+                // Set the full screen video flag.
+                displayingFullScreenVideo = true;
+
+                // Pause the ad if this is the free flavor.
+                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                    // The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+                    AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
                 }
 
-                // Hide the keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
-                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+                // Remove the translucent overlays.
+                getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-                // Check to see if we are waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {  // We are not waiting on Orbot, so we need to process the URL.
-                    // We need to update `formattedUrlString` at the beginning of the load, so that if the user toggles JavaScript during the load the new website is reloaded.
-                    formattedUrlString = url;
+                // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
+                drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
 
-                    // Display the formatted URL text.
-                    urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+                 */
+                rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
 
-                    // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                    highlightUrlText();
+                // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the entire screen.
+                rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
 
-                    // Apply any custom domain settings if the URL was loaded by navigating history.
-                    if (navigatingHistory) {
-                        applyDomainSettings(url);
-                    }
+                // Disable the sliding drawers.
+                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_LOCKED_CLOSED);
 
-                    // Set `urlIsLoading` to `true`, so that redirects while loading do not trigger changes in the user agent, which forces another reload of the existing page.
-                    urlIsLoading = true;
-                }
+                // Add `view` to `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` and display it on the screen.
+                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.addView(view);
+                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
             }
 
-            // It is necessary to update `formattedUrlString` and `urlTextBox` after the page finishes loading because the final URL can change during load.
+            // Exit full screen video.
             @Override
-            public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
-                // Reset `urlIsLoading`, which is used to prevent reloads on redirect if the user agent changes.
-                urlIsLoading = false;
+            public void onHideCustomView() {
+                // Unset the full screen video flag.
+                displayingFullScreenVideo = false;
 
-                // Clear the cache and history if Incognito Mode is enabled.
-                if (incognitoModeEnabled) {
-                    // Clear the cache.  `true` includes disk files.
-                    mainWebView.clearCache(true);
+                // Hide `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout`.
+                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.removeAllViews();
+                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
 
-                    // Clear the back/forward history.
-                    mainWebView.clearHistory();
+                // Enable the sliding drawers.
+                drawerLayout.setDrawerLockMode(DrawerLayout.LOCK_MODE_UNLOCKED);
 
-                    // Manually delete cache folders.
-                    try {
-                        // Delete the main `cache` folder.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+                // Apply the appropriate full screen mode the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
+                if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
+                    if (hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen) {  // Hide everything.
+                        // Remove the translucent navigation setting if it is currently flagged.
+                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
 
-                        // Delete the `app_webview` folder, which contains an additional `WebView` cache.  See `https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=233826&thanks=233826&ts=1486670530`.
-                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview");
-                    } catch (IOException e) {
-                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                    }
-                }
+                        // Remove the translucent status bar overlay.
+                        getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-                // Update `urlTextBox` and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
-                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    // Check to see if `WebView` has set `url` to be `about:blank`.
-                    if (url.equals("about:blank")) {  // `WebView` is blank, so `formattedUrlString` should be `""` and `urlTextBox` should display a hint.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString` to `""`.
-                        formattedUrlString = "";
+                        // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
+                        drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
 
-                        urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                        /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+                         * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+                         * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+                         */
+                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+                    } else {  // Hide everything except the status and navigation bars.
+                        // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
+                        rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
 
-                        // Request focus for `urlTextBox`.
-                        urlTextBox.requestFocus();
+                        // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.
+                        getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-                        // Display the keyboard.
-                        inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlTextBox, 0);
+                        if (translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen) {
+                            // Set the navigation bar to be translucent.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
+                            getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+                        } else {
+                            // Set the navigation bar to be black.
+                            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
+                        }
+                    }
+                } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
+                    // Show the `appBar` if `findOnPageLinearLayout` is not visible.
+                    if (findOnPageLinearLayout.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
+                        appBar.show();
+                    }
 
-                        // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
-                        applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString);
-                    } else {  // `WebView` has loaded a webpage.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString`.
-                        formattedUrlString = url;
+                    // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
+                    if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                        // Initialize the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+                        AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                    }
 
-                        // Only update `urlTextBox` if the user is not typing in it.
-                        if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
-                            // Display the formatted URL text.
-                            urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+                    // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
+                    rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
 
-                            // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
-                            highlightUrlText();
-                        }
-                    }
+                    // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
+                    getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
 
-                    // Store the SSL certificate so it can be accessed from `ViewSslCertificateDialog` and `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.
-                    sslCertificate = mainWebView.getCertificate();
+                    // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
+                    getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-                    // Check the current website SSL certificate against the pinned SSL certificate if there is a pinned SSL certificate the user has not chosen to ignore it for this session.
-                    if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate && !ignorePinnedSslCertificate) {
-                        // Initialize the current SSL certificate variables.
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = "";
-                        Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = null;
-                        Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = null;
+                    // Constrain `rootCoordinatorLayout` inside the status and navigation bars.
+                    rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
+                }
 
+                // Show the ad if this is the free flavor.
+                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
+                    // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+                    AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
+                }
+            }
 
-                        // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate if it is not null.
-                        if (sslCertificate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                            currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                            currentWebsiteSslStartDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                            currentWebsiteSslEndDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
-                        }
+            // Upload files.
+            @Override
+            public boolean onShowFileChooser(WebView webView, ValueCallback<Uri[]> filePathCallback, FileChooserParams fileChooserParams) {
+                // Show the file chooser if the device is running API >= 21.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    // Store the file path callback.
+                    fileChooserCallback = filePathCallback;
 
-                        // Initialize `String` variables to store the SSL certificate dates.  `Strings` are needed to compare the values below, which doesn't work with `Dates` if they are `null`.
-                        String currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = "";
-                        String currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = "";
+                    // Create an intent to open a chooser based ont the file chooser parameters.
+                    Intent fileChooserIntent = fileChooserParams.createIntent();
 
-                        // Convert the `Dates` to `Strings` if they are not `null`.
-                        if (currentWebsiteSslStartDate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = currentWebsiteSslStartDate.toString();
-                        }
+                    // Open the file chooser.  Currently only one `startActivityForResult` exists in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is simply `0`.
+                    startActivityForResult(fileChooserIntent, 0);
+                }
+                return true;
+            }
+        });
 
-                        if (currentWebsiteSslEndDate != null) {
-                            currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = currentWebsiteSslEndDate.toString();
-                        }
+        // Register `mainWebView` for a context menu.  This is used to see link targets and download images.
+        registerForContextMenu(mainWebView);
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslStartDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = pinnedDomainSslStartDate.toString();
-                        }
+        // Allow the downloading of files.
+        mainWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
+            // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                openUrlWithExternalApp(url);
+            } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
+                if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission has not been granted.
+                    // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
+
+                    // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                    downloadUrl = url;
+                    downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
+                    downloadContentLength = contentLength;
+
+                    // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                    if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                        // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                        DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+
+                        // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                        downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                    } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                        // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                        ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                    }
+                } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                    // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                    AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslEndDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = pinnedDomainSslEndDate.toString();
-                        }
+                    // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-                        // Check to see if the pinned SSL certificate matches the current website certificate.
-                        if (!currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteSslStartDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDateString) || !currentWebsiteSslEndDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDateString)) {  // The pinned SSL certificate doesn't match the current domain certificate.
-                            //Display the pinned SSL certificate mismatch `AlertDialog`.
-                            AppCompatDialogFragment pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment = new PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog();
-                            pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_mismatch));
-                        }
+        // Allow pinch to zoom.
+        mainWebView.getSettings().setBuiltInZoomControls(true);
+
+        // Hide zoom controls.
+        mainWebView.getSettings().setDisplayZoomControls(false);
+
+        // Don't allow mixed content (HTTP and HTTPS) on the same website.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            mainWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
+        }
+
+        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
+        mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+
+        // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
+        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
+
+        // Explicitly disable geolocation.
+        mainWebView.getSettings().setGeolocationEnabled(false);
+
+        // Initialize cookieManager.
+        cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+
+        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
+        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
+
+        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
+        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+
+        // Get a handle for the `Runtime`.
+        privacyBrowserRuntime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+
+        // Store the application's private data directory.
+        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;
+        // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+
+        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
+        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+
+        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
+        javaScriptEnabled = false;
+        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
+        thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
+        domStorageEnabled = false;
+        saveFormDataEnabled = false;  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        nightMode = false;
+
+        // Store the default user agent.
+        webViewDefaultUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+        // Initialize the WebView title.
+        webViewTitle = getString(R.string.no_title);
+
+        // Initialize the favorite icon bitmap.  `ContextCompat` must be used until API >= 21.
+        Drawable favoriteIconDrawable = ContextCompat.getDrawable(getApplicationContext(), R.drawable.world);
+        BitmapDrawable favoriteIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) favoriteIconDrawable;
+        assert favoriteIconBitmapDrawable != null;
+        favoriteIconDefaultBitmap = favoriteIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+
+        // If the favorite icon is null, load the default.
+        if (favoriteIconBitmap == null) {
+            favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
+        }
+
+        // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
+        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
+        userAgentDataArray = resources.getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+
+        // Apply the app settings from the shared preferences.
+        applyAppSettings();
+
+        // Instantiate the block list helper.
+        BlockListHelper blockListHelper = new BlockListHelper();
+
+        // Initialize the list of resource requests.
+        resourceRequests = new ArrayList<>();
+
+        // Parse the block lists.
+        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easylist.txt");
+        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> easyPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/easyprivacy.txt");
+        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysAnnoyanceList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-annoyance.txt");
+        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> fanboysSocialList = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/fanboy-social.txt");
+        final ArrayList<List<String[]>> ultraPrivacy = blockListHelper.parseBlockList(getAssets(), "blocklists/ultraprivacy.txt");
+
+        // Store the list versions.
+        easyListVersion = easyList.get(0).get(0)[0];
+        easyPrivacyVersion = easyPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+        fanboysAnnoyanceVersion = fanboysAnnoyanceList.get(0).get(0)[0];
+        fanboysSocialVersion = fanboysSocialList.get(0).get(0)[0];
+        ultraPrivacyVersion = ultraPrivacy.get(0).get(0)[0];
+
+        // Get a handle for the activity.  This is used to update the requests counter while the navigation menu is open.
+        Activity activity = this;
+
+        mainWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
+            // `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` makes this `WebView` the default handler for URLs inside the app, so that links are not kicked out to other apps.
+            // The deprecated `shouldOverrideUrlLoading` must be used until API >= 24.
+            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
+            @Override
+            public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
+                if (url.startsWith("http")) {  // Load the URL in Privacy Browser.
+                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
+                    formattedUrlString = "";
+
+                    // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  `applyDomainSettings` doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
+                    boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+
+                    // Check if the user agent has changed.
+                    if (userAgentChanged) {
+                        // Manually load the URL.  The changing of the user agent will cause WebView to reload the previous URL.
+                        mainWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+
+                        // Returning true indicates that Privacy Browser is manually handling the loading of the URL.
+                        return true;
+                    } else {
+                        // Returning false causes the current WebView to handle the URL and prevents it from adding redirects to the history list.
+                        return false;
+                    }
+                } else if (url.startsWith("mailto:")) {  // Load the email address in an external email program.
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
+
+                    // Parse the url and set it as the data for the intent.
+                    emailIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+
+                    // Open the email program in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    emailIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(emailIntent);
+
+                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
+                    return true;
+                } else if (url.startsWith("tel:")) {  // Load the phone number in the dialer.
+                    // Open the dialer and load the phone number, but wait for the user to place the call.
+                    Intent dialIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL);
+
+                    // Add the phone number to the intent.
+                    dialIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+
+                    // Open the dialer in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    dialIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(dialIntent);
+
+                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
+                    return true;
+                } else {  // Load a system chooser to select an app that can handle the URL.
+                    // Open an app that can handle the URL.
+                    Intent genericIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+                    // Add the URL to the intent.
+                    genericIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+
+                    // List all apps that can handle the URL instead of just opening the first one.
+                    genericIntent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_BROWSABLE);
+
+                    // Open the app in a new task instead of as part of Privacy Browser.
+                    genericIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+                    // Start the app or display a snackbar if no app is available to handle the URL.
+                    try {
+                        startActivity(genericIntent);
+                    } catch (ActivityNotFoundException exception) {
+                        Snackbar.make(mainWebView, getString(R.string.unrecognized_url) + "  " + url, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                     }
+
+                    // Returning true indicates Privacy Browser is handling the URL by creating an intent.
+                    return true;
                 }
             }
 
-            // Handle SSL Certificate errors.
+            // Check requests against the block lists.  The deprecated `shouldInterceptRequest()` must be used until minimum API >= 21.
+            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
             @Override
-            public void onReceivedSslError(WebView view, SslErrorHandler handler, SslError error) {
-                // Get the current website SSL certificate.
-                SslCertificate currentWebsiteSslCertificate = error.getCertificate();
+            public WebResourceResponse shouldInterceptRequest(WebView view, String url){
+                // Create an empty web resource response to be used if the resource request is blocked.
+                WebResourceResponse emptyWebResourceResponse = new WebResourceResponse("text/plain", "utf8", new ByteArrayInputStream("".getBytes()));
 
-                // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate.
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
-                String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
-                Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
+                // Reset the whitelist results tracker.
+                whiteListResultStringArray = null;
 
-                // Proceed to the website if the current SSL website certificate matches the pinned domain certificate.
-                if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteSslStartDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDate) && currentWebsiteSslEndDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDate)) {  // An SSL certificate is pinned and matches the current domain certificate.
-                    // Proceed to the website without displaying an error.
-                    handler.proceed();
-                } else {  // Either there isn't a pinned SSL certificate or it doesn't match the current website certificate.
-                    // Store `handler` so it can be accesses from `onSslErrorCancel()` and `onSslErrorProceed()`.
-                    sslErrorHandler = handler;
+                // Initialize the third party request tracker.
+                boolean isThirdPartyRequest = false;
 
-                    // Display the SSL error `AlertDialog`.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment = SslCertificateErrorDialog.displayDialog(error);
-                    sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_error));
+                // Initialize the current domain string.
+                String currentDomain = "";
+
+                // Nobody is happy when comparing null strings.
+                if (!(formattedUrlString == null) && !(url == null)) {
+                    // Get the domain strings to URIs.
+                    Uri currentDomainUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
+                    Uri requestDomainUri = Uri.parse(url);
+
+                    // Get the domain host names.
+                    String currentBaseDomain = currentDomainUri.getHost();
+                    String requestBaseDomain = requestDomainUri.getHost();
+
+                    // Update the current domain variable.
+                    currentDomain = currentBaseDomain;
+
+                    // Only compare the current base domain and the request base domain if neither is null.
+                    if (!(currentBaseDomain == null) && !(requestBaseDomain == null)) {
+                        // Determine the current base domain.
+                        while (currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".", currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
+                            // Remove the first subdomain.
+                            currentBaseDomain = currentBaseDomain.substring(currentBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
+                        }
+
+                        // Determine the request base domain.
+                        while (requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".", requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1) > 0) {  // There is at least one subdomain.
+                            // Remove the first subdomain.
+                            requestBaseDomain = requestBaseDomain.substring(requestBaseDomain.indexOf(".") + 1);
+                        }
+
+                        // Update the third party request tracker.
+                        isThirdPartyRequest = !currentBaseDomain.equals(requestBaseDomain);
+                    }
                 }
-            }
-        });
 
-        // Get a handle for the progress bar.
-        final ProgressBar progressBar = findViewById(R.id.progress_bar);
+                // Block third-party requests if enabled.
+                if (isThirdPartyRequest && blockAllThirdPartyRequests) {
+                    // Increment the blocked requests counters.
+                    blockedRequests++;
+                    thirdPartyBlockedRequests++;
 
-        mainWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
-            // Update the progress bar when a page is loading.
-            @Override
-            public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int progress) {
-                // Inject the night mode CSS if night mode is enabled.
-                if (nightMode) {
-                    // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links used by WordPress.
-                    // `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.  `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.
-                    // `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.  `!important` takes precedent over any existing sub-settings.
-                    mainWebView.evaluateJavascript("(function() {var parent = document.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0); var style = document.createElement('style'); style.type = 'text/css'; style.innerHTML = '" +
-                            "* {background-color: #212121 !important; color: #BDBDBD !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-decoration: none !important; text-shadow: none !important; border: none !important;}" +
-                            "a {color: #1565C0 !important;}" +
-                            "'; parent.appendChild(style)})()", value -> {
-                                // Initialize a `Handler` to display `mainWebView`.
-                                Handler displayWebViewHandler = new Handler();
+                    // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
+                    activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
+                        navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                        blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(thirdPartyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+                    });
 
-                                // Setup a `Runnable` to display `mainWebView` after a delay to allow the CSS to be applied.
-                                Runnable displayWebViewRunnable = () -> {
-                                    // Only display `mainWebView` if the progress bar is one.  This prevents the display of the `WebView` while it is still loading.
-                                    if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                                    }
-                                };
+                    // Add the request to the log.
+                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_THIRD_PARTY), url});
 
-                                // Use `displayWebViewHandler` to delay the displaying of `mainWebView` for 500 milliseconds.
-                                displayWebViewHandler.postDelayed(displayWebViewRunnable, 500);
-                            });
+                    // Return an empty web resource response.
+                    return emptyWebResourceResponse;
                 }
 
-                progressBar.setProgress(progress);
-                if (progress < 100) {
-                    // Show the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-                } else {
-                    // Hide the progress bar.
-                    progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+                // Check UltraPrivacy if it is enabled.
+                if (ultraPrivacyEnabled) {
+                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, ultraPrivacy)) {
+                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
+                        blockedRequests++;
+                        ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests++;
+
+                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
+                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
+                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+                        });
+
+                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
+                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
+                    }
 
-                    // Display `mainWebView` if night mode is disabled.
-                    // Because of a race condition between `applyDomainSettings` and `onPageStarted`, when night mode is set by domain settings the `WebView` may be hidden even if night mode is not currently enabled.
-                    if (!nightMode) {
-                        mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
+                    // If the whitelist result is not null, the request has been allowed by UltraPrivacy.
+                    if (whiteListResultStringArray != null) {
+                        // Add a whitelist entry to the resource requests array.
+                        resourceRequests.add(whiteListResultStringArray);
+
+                        // The resource request has been allowed by UltraPrivacy.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
+                        return null;
                     }
+                }
 
-                    //Stop the `SwipeToRefresh` indicator if it is running
-                    swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
+                // Check EasyList if it is enabled.
+                if (easyListEnabled) {
+                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyList)) {
+                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
+                        blockedRequests++;
+                        easyListBlockedRequests++;
+
+                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
+                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
+                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            easyListMenuItem.setTitle(easyListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+                        });
+
+                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
+                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+
+                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
+                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
+                    }
+                }
+
+                // Check EasyPrivacy if it is enabled.
+                if (easyPrivacyEnabled) {
+                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, easyPrivacy)) {
+                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
+                        blockedRequests++;
+                        easyPrivacyBlockedRequests++;
+
+                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
+                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
+                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(easyPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+                        });
+
+                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
+                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+
+                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
+                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
+                    }
                 }
+
+                // Check Fanboy’s Annoyance List if it is enabled.
+                if (fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled) {
+                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysAnnoyanceList)) {
+                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
+                        blockedRequests++;
+                        fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests++;
+
+                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
+                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
+                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+                        });
+
+                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
+                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+
+                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
+                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
+                    }
+                } else if (fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled){  // Only check Fanboy’s Social Blocking List if Fanboy’s Annoyance List is disabled.
+                    if (blockListHelper.isBlocked(currentDomain, url, isThirdPartyRequest, fanboysSocialList)) {
+                        // Increment the blocked requests counters.
+                        blockedRequests++;
+                        fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests++;
+
+                        // Update the titles of the blocklist menu items.  This must be run from the UI thread.
+                        activity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
+                            navigationRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.requests) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+                            fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+                        });
+
+                        // Reset the whitelist results tracker (because otherwise it will sometimes add results to the list due to a race condition).
+                        whiteListResultStringArray = null;
+
+                        // The resource request was blocked.  Return an empty web resource response.
+                        return emptyWebResourceResponse;
+                    }
+                }
+
+                // Add the request to the log because it hasn't been processed by any of the previous checks.
+                if (whiteListResultStringArray != null ) {  // The request was processed by a whitelist.
+                    resourceRequests.add(whiteListResultStringArray);
+                } else {  // The request didn't match any blocklist entry.  Log it as a default request.
+                    resourceRequests.add(new String[]{String.valueOf(REQUEST_DEFAULT), url});
+                }
+
+                // The resource request has not been blocked.  `return null` loads the requested resource.
+                return null;
             }
 
-            // Set the favorite icon when it changes.
+            // Handle HTTP authentication requests.
             @Override
-            public void onReceivedIcon(WebView view, Bitmap icon) {
-                // Only update the favorite icon if the website has finished loading.
-                if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
-                    // Save a copy of the favorite icon.
-                    favoriteIconBitmap = icon;
+            public void onReceivedHttpAuthRequest(WebView view, HttpAuthHandler handler, String host, String realm) {
+                // Store `handler` so it can be accessed from `onHttpAuthenticationCancel()` and `onHttpAuthenticationProceed()`.
+                httpAuthHandler = handler;
 
-                    // Place the favorite icon in the appBar.
-                    favoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(icon, 64, 64, true));
-                }
+                // Display the HTTP authentication dialog.
+                AppCompatDialogFragment httpAuthenticationDialogFragment = HttpAuthenticationDialog.displayDialog(host, realm);
+                httpAuthenticationDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.http_authentication));
             }
 
-            // Save a copy of the title when it changes.
+            // Update the URL in urlTextBox when the page starts to load.
             @Override
-            public void onReceivedTitle(WebView view, String title) {
-                // Save a copy of the title.
-                webViewTitle = title;
+            public void onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) {
+                // Reset the list of host IP addresses.
+                currentHostIpAddresses = "";
+
+                // Reset the list of resource requests.
+                resourceRequests.clear();
+
+                // Initialize the counters for requests blocked by each blocklist.
+                blockedRequests = 0;
+                easyListBlockedRequests = 0;
+                easyPrivacyBlockedRequests = 0;
+                fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests = 0;
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests = 0;
+                ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests = 0;
+                thirdPartyBlockedRequests = 0;
+
+                // If night mode is enabled, hide `mainWebView` until after the night mode CSS is applied.
+                if (nightMode) {
+                    mainWebView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
+                }
+
+                // Hide the keyboard.  `0` indicates no additional flags.
+                inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
+
+                // Check to see if Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot.
+                if (!waitingForOrbot) {  // We are not waiting on Orbot, so we need to process the URL.
+                    // The formatted URL string must be updated at the beginning of the load, so that if the user toggles JavaScript during the load the new website is reloaded.
+                    formattedUrlString = url;
+
+                    // Display the formatted URL text.
+                    urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
+
+                    // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
+                    highlightUrlText();
+
+                    // Get a URI for the current URL.
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
+
+                    // Get the IP addresses for the host.
+                    new GetHostIpAddresses(activity).execute(currentUri.getHost());
+
+                    // Apply any custom domain settings if the URL was loaded by navigating history.
+                    if (navigatingHistory) {
+                        // Apply the domain settings.
+                        boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+
+                        // Reset `navigatingHistory`.
+                        navigatingHistory = false;
+
+                        // Manually load the URL if the user agent has changed, which will have caused the previous URL to be reloaded.
+                        if (userAgentChanged) {
+                            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+                        }
+                    }
+
+                    // Set `urlIsLoading` to `true`, so that redirects while loading do not trigger changes in the user agent, which forces another reload of the existing page.
+                    urlIsLoading = true;
+
+                    // Replace Refresh with Stop if the menu item has been created.  (The WebView typically begins loading before the menu items are instantiated.)
+                    if (refreshMenuItem != null) {
+                        // Set the title.
+                        refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
+
+                        // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
+                        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+                            if (darkTheme) {
+                                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
+                            } else {
+                                refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
+                            }
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
             }
 
-            // Enter full screen video
+            // It is necessary to update `formattedUrlString` and `urlTextBox` after the page finishes loading because the final URL can change during load.
             @Override
-            public void onShowCustomView(View view, CustomViewCallback callback) {
-                // Pause the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    BannerAd.pauseAd(adView);
+            public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
+                // Reset the wide view port if it has been turned off by the waiting for Orbot message.
+                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Only use a wide view port if the URL starts with `http`, not for `file://` and `content://`.
+                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(url.startsWith("http"));
+                }
+
+                // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  `CookieManager` has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
+                if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+                    cookieManager.flush();
+                }
+
+                // Update the Refresh menu item if it has been created.
+                if (refreshMenuItem != null) {
+                    // Reset the Refresh title.
+                    refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.refresh);
+
+                    // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, reset it according to the theme.
+                    if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+                        if (darkTheme) {
+                            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_dark);
+                        } else {
+                            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_light);
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+
+                // Reset `urlIsLoading`, which is used to prevent reloads on redirect if the user agent changes.
+                urlIsLoading = false;
+
+                // Clear the cache and history if Incognito Mode is enabled.
+                if (incognitoModeEnabled) {
+                    // Clear the cache.  `true` includes disk files.
+                    mainWebView.clearCache(true);
+
+                    // Clear the back/forward history.
+                    mainWebView.clearHistory();
+
+                    // Manually delete cache folders.
+                    try {
+                        // Delete the main cache directory.
+                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
+
+                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
+                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
+                        privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
+                    } catch (IOException e) {
+                        // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                    }
                 }
 
-                // Remove the translucent overlays.
-                getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
-
-                // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
-                drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
-
-                /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically rehides them after they are shown.
-                 */
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
+                // Update the URL text box and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
+                if (!waitingForOrbot) {
+                    // Check to see if `WebView` has set `url` to be `about:blank`.
+                    if (url.equals("about:blank")) {  // `WebView` is blank, so `formattedUrlString` should be `""` and `urlTextBox` should display a hint.
+                        // Set `formattedUrlString` to `""`.
+                        formattedUrlString = "";
 
-                // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fill the entire screen.
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(false);
+                        urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
 
-                // Add `view` to `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` and display it on the screen.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.addView(view);
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
-            }
+                        // Request focus for `urlTextBox`.
+                        urlTextBox.requestFocus();
 
-            // Exit full screen video
-            public void onHideCustomView() {
-                // Hide `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout`.
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.removeAllViews();
-                fullScreenVideoFrameLayout.setVisibility(View.GONE);
+                        // Display the keyboard.
+                        inputMethodManager.showSoftInput(urlTextBox, 0);
 
-                // Add the translucent status flag.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
-                getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+                        // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
+                        applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, true, false);
+                    } else {  // `WebView` has loaded a webpage.
+                        // Set the formatted URL string.  Getting the URL from the WebView instead of using the one provided by `onPageFinished` makes websites like YouTube function correctly.
+                        formattedUrlString = mainWebView.getUrl();
 
-                // Set `rootCoordinatorLayout` to fit inside the status and navigation bars.  This also clears the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
-                rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
+                        // Only update the URL text box if the user is not typing in it.
+                        if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
+                            // Display the formatted URL text.
+                            urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
 
-                // Show the ad if this is the free flavor.
-                if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                    // Reload the ad.  Because the screen may have rotated, we need to use `reloadAfterRotate`.
-                    BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate(adView, getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_id));
+                            // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
+                            highlightUrlText();
+                        }
+                    }
 
-                    // Reinitialize the `adView` variable, as the `View` will have been removed and re-added by `BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate()`.
-                    adView = findViewById(R.id.adview);
-                }
-            }
-        });
+                    // Store the SSL certificate so it can be accessed from `ViewSslCertificateDialog` and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
+                    sslCertificate = mainWebView.getCertificate();
 
-        // Register `mainWebView` for a context menu.  This is used to see link targets and download images.
-        registerForContextMenu(mainWebView);
+                    // Check the current website information against any pinned domain information.
+                    if ((pinnedSslCertificate || pinnedIpAddresses) && !ignorePinnedDomainInformation) {
+                        // Initialize the current SSL certificate variables.
+                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = "";
+                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = "";
+                        String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = "";
+                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = "";
+                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = "";
+                        String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = "";
+                        Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = null;
+                        Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = null;
 
-        // Allow the downloading of files.
-        mainWebView.setDownloadListener((url, userAgent, contentDisposition, mimetype, contentLength) -> {
-            // Show the `DownloadFileDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `@string/download`.
-            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
-            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
-        });
 
-        // Allow pinch to zoom.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setBuiltInZoomControls(true);
+                        // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate if it is not null.
+                        if (sslCertificate != null) {
+                            currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                            currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                            currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                            currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                            currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                            currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = sslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                            currentWebsiteSslStartDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
+                            currentWebsiteSslEndDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
+                        }
 
-        // Hide zoom controls.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setDisplayZoomControls(false);
+                        // Initialize string variables to store the SSL certificate dates.  Strings are needed to compare the values below, which doesn't work with `Dates` if they are `null`.
+                        String currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = "";
+                        String currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = "";
+                        String pinnedSslStartDateString = "";
+                        String pinnedSslEndDateString = "";
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                        // Convert the `Dates` to `Strings` if they are not `null`.
+                        if (currentWebsiteSslStartDate != null) {
+                            currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = currentWebsiteSslStartDate.toString();
+                        }
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
+                        if (currentWebsiteSslEndDate != null) {
+                            currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = currentWebsiteSslEndDate.toString();
+                        }
 
-        // Explicitly disable geolocation.
-        mainWebView.getSettings().setGeolocationEnabled(false);
+                        if (pinnedSslStartDate != null) {
+                            pinnedSslStartDateString = pinnedSslStartDate.toString();
+                        }
 
-        // Initialize cookieManager.
-        cookieManager = CookieManager.getInstance();
+                        if (pinnedSslEndDate != null) {
+                            pinnedSslEndDateString = pinnedSslEndDate.toString();
+                        }
 
-        // Replace the header that `WebView` creates for `X-Requested-With` with a null value.  The default value is the application ID (com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard).
-        customHeaders.put("X-Requested-With", "");
+                        // Check to see if the pinned information matches the current information.
+                        if ((pinnedIpAddresses && !currentHostIpAddresses.equals(pinnedHostIpAddresses)) || (pinnedSslCertificate && (!currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToCName) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToOName) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToUName) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByCName) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByOName) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByUName) || !currentWebsiteSslStartDateString.equals(pinnedSslStartDateString) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteSslEndDateString.equals(pinnedSslEndDateString)))) {
 
-        // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `this` is the context.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
-        PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
+                            // Get a handle for the pinned mismatch alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment pinnedMismatchDialogFragment = PinnedMismatchDialog.displayDialog(pinnedSslCertificate, pinnedIpAddresses);
 
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        final Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+                            // Show the pinned mismatch alert dialog.
+                            pinnedMismatchDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.pinned_mismatch));
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
+            }
 
-        // Extract the launching intent data as `launchingIntentUriData`.
-        final Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+            // Handle SSL Certificate errors.
+            @Override
+            public void onReceivedSslError(WebView view, SslErrorHandler handler, SslError error) {
+                // Get the current website SSL certificate.
+                SslCertificate currentWebsiteSslCertificate = error.getCertificate();
 
-        // Convert the launching intent URI data (if it exists) to a string and store it in `formattedUrlString`.
-        if (launchingIntentUriData != null) {
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
-        }
+                // Extract the individual pieces of information from the current website SSL certificate.
+                String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getCName();
+                String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getOName();
+                String currentWebsiteIssuedToUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedTo().getUName();
+                String currentWebsiteIssuedByCName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getCName();
+                String currentWebsiteIssuedByOName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getOName();
+                String currentWebsiteIssuedByUName = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getIssuedBy().getUName();
+                Date currentWebsiteSslStartDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotBeforeDate();
+                Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
 
-        // Get a handle for the `Runtime`.
-        privacyBrowserRuntime = Runtime.getRuntime();
+                // Proceed to the website if the current SSL website certificate matches the pinned domain certificate.
+                if (pinnedSslCertificate &&
+                        currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToCName) && currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToOName) &&
+                        currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToUName) && currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByCName) &&
+                        currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByOName) && currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByUName) &&
+                        currentWebsiteSslStartDate.equals(pinnedSslStartDate) && currentWebsiteSslEndDate.equals(pinnedSslEndDate)) {
 
-        // Store the application's private data directory.
-        privateDataDirectoryString = getApplicationInfo().dataDir;  // `dataDir` will vary, but will be something like `/data/user/0/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`, which links to `/data/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard`.
+                    // An SSL certificate is pinned and matches the current domain certificate.  Proceed to the website without displaying an error.
+                    handler.proceed();
+                } else {  // Either there isn't a pinned SSL certificate or it doesn't match the current website certificate.
+                    // Store `handler` so it can be accesses from `onSslErrorCancel()` and `onSslErrorProceed()`.
+                    sslErrorHandler = handler;
 
-        // Initialize `inFullScreenBrowsingMode`, which is always false at this point because Privacy Browser never starts in full screen browsing mode.
-        inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
+                    // Display the SSL error `AlertDialog`.
+                    AppCompatDialogFragment sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment = SslCertificateErrorDialog.displayDialog(error);
+                    sslCertificateErrorDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_error));
+                }
+            }
+        });
 
-        // Initialize AdView for the free flavor.
-        adView = findViewById(R.id.adview);
+        // Get the intent that started the app.
+        Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
 
-        // Initialize the privacy settings variables.
-        javaScriptEnabled = false;
-        firstPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = false;
-        domStorageEnabled = false;
-        saveFormDataEnabled = false;
-        nightMode = false;
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+        Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
 
-        // Initialize `webViewTitle`.
-        webViewTitle = getString(R.string.no_title);
+        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+        if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+            // Create an encoded URL string.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-        // Initialize `favoriteIconBitmap`.  We have to use `ContextCompat` until API >= 21.
-        Drawable favoriteIconDrawable = ContextCompat.getDrawable(getApplicationContext(), R.drawable.world);
-        BitmapDrawable favoriteIconBitmapDrawable = (BitmapDrawable) favoriteIconDrawable;
-        favoriteIconDefaultBitmap = favoriteIconBitmapDrawable.getBitmap();
+            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
-        // If the favorite icon is null, load the default.
-        if (favoriteIconBitmap == null) {
-            favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+            // Set the formatted URL string.
+            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
         }
 
-        // Apply the app settings from the shared preferences.
-        applyAppSettings();
-
-        // Load `formattedUrlString` if we are not waiting for Orbot to connect.
+        // Load the website if not waiting for Orbot to connect.
         if (!waitingForOrbot) {
             loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
         }
@@ -1305,19 +1906,41 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, so that any future `getIntent()`s pick up this one instead of creating a new activity.
         setIntent(intent);
 
-        if (intent.getData() != null) {
-            // Get the intent data and convert it to a string.
-            final Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
+
+        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+        if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+            // Create an encoded URL string.
+            String encodedUrlString;
+
+            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
+
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        } else if (intentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+            // Set the formatted URL string.
             formattedUrlString = intentUriData.toString();
         }
 
+        // Load the URL.
+        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+
         // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
         if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
             drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
         }
 
-        // Load the website.
-        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+        // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
+        }
 
         // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
         mainWebView.requestFocus();
@@ -1328,31 +1951,43 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         // Run the default commands.
         super.onRestart();
 
-        // Apply the app settings, which may have been changed in `SettingsActivity`.
-        applyAppSettings();
+        // Make sure Orbot is running if Privacy Browser is proxying through Orbot.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {
+            // Request Orbot to start.  If Orbot is already running no hard will be caused by this request.
+            Intent orbotIntent = new Intent("org.torproject.android.intent.action.START");
 
-        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains Activity.
-        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
-            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
-            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
+            // Send the intent to the Orbot package.
+            orbotIntent.setPackage("org.torproject.android");
 
-            // Reapply the domain settings.
-            applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString);
+            // Make it so.
+            sendBroadcast(orbotIntent);
         }
 
-        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.
-        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
+        // Apply the app settings if returning from the Settings activity..
+        if (reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Apply the app settings.
+            applyAppSettings();
+
+            // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in the Settings activity.
+            if (reloadOnRestart) {
+                // Reload `mainWebView`.
+                mainWebView.reload();
 
-        // Set the display webpage images mode.
-        setDisplayWebpageImages();
+                // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
+                reloadOnRestart = false;
+            }
 
-        // Reload the webpage if displaying of images has been disabled in `SettingsFragment`.
-        if (reloadOnRestart) {
-            // Reload `mainWebView`.
-            mainWebView.reload();
+            // Reset the return from settings flag.
+            reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = false;
+        }
 
-            // Reset `reloadOnRestartBoolean`.
-            reloadOnRestart = false;
+        // Apply the domain settings if returning from the Domains activity.
+        if (reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart) {
+            // Reapply the domain settings.
+            applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, false, true);
+
+            // Reset `reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart`.
+            reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = false;
         }
 
         // Load the URL on restart to apply changes to night mode.
@@ -1364,7 +1999,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             loadUrlOnRestart = false;
         }
 
-        //
+        // Update the bookmarks drawer if returning from the Bookmarks activity.
         if (restartFromBookmarksActivity) {
             // Close the bookmarks drawer.
             drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
@@ -1375,6 +2010,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             // Reset `restartFromBookmarksActivity`.
             restartFromBookmarksActivity = false;
         }
+
+        // Update the privacy icon.  `true` runs `invalidateOptionsMenu` as the last step.  This can be important if the screen was rotated.
+        updatePrivacyIcons(true);
     }
 
     // `onResume()` runs after `onStart()`, which runs after `onCreate()` and `onRestart()`.
@@ -1391,24 +2029,63 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
         // Resume the adView for the free flavor.
         if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            BannerAd.resumeAd(adView);
+            // Resume the ad.
+            AdHelper.resumeAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
+        }
+
+        // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
+        if (waitingForOrbot && !orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
+            // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+            mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+
+            // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+            mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+        }
+
+        if (displayingFullScreenVideo) {
+            // Remove the translucent overlays.
+            getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
+
+            // Remove the translucent status bar overlay on the `Drawer Layout`, which is special and needs its own command.
+            drawerLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN);
+
+            /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
+             * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
+             */
+            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
         }
     }
 
     @Override
     public void onPause() {
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onPause();
+
         // Pause `mainWebView`.
         mainWebView.onPause();
 
         // Stop all JavaScript.
         mainWebView.pauseTimers();
 
-        // Pause the adView or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
+        // Pause the ad or it will continue to consume resources in the background on the free flavor.
         if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-            BannerAd.pauseAd(adView);
+            // Pause the ad.
+            AdHelper.pauseAd(findViewById(R.id.adview));
         }
+    }
 
-        super.onPause();
+    @Override
+    public void onDestroy() {
+        // Unregister the Orbot status broadcast receiver.
+        this.unregisterReceiver(orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver);
+
+        // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+        bookmarksCursor.close();
+        bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+
+        // Run the default commands.
+        super.onDestroy();
     }
 
     @Override
@@ -1426,23 +2103,58 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
         MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
         MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);
-
-        // Only display third-party cookies if SDK >= 21
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        blocklistsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.blocklists);
+        easyListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easylist);
+        easyPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.easyprivacy);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list);
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+        ultraPrivacyMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ultraprivacy);
+        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.block_all_third_party_requests);
+        MenuItem adConsentMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.ad_consent);
+
+        // Only display third-party cookies if API >= 21
         toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21);
 
-        // Get the shared preference values.  `this` references the current context.
+        // Only display the form data menu items if the API < 26.
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+        clearFormDataMenuItem.setVisible(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26);
+
+        // Only show Ad Consent if this is the free flavor.
+        adConsentMenuItem.setVisible(BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free"));
+
+        // Get the shared preference values.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  The default is `false`.
-        if (sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false)) {
+        // Get the status of the additional AppBar icons.
+        displayAdditionalAppBarIcons = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_additional_app_bar_icons", false);
+
+        // Set the status of the additional app bar icons.  Setting the refresh menu item to `SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS` makes it appear even on small devices like phones.
+        if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
             toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
             toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
-            toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_ALWAYS);
         } else { //Do not display the additional icons.
             toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
             toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
-            toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+            refreshMenuItem.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_NEVER);
+        }
+
+        // Replace Refresh with Stop if a URL is already loading.
+        if (urlIsLoading) {
+            // Set the title.
+            refreshMenuItem.setTitle(R.string.stop);
+
+            // If the icon is displayed in the AppBar, set it according to the theme.
+            if (displayAdditionalAppBarIcons) {
+                if (darkTheme) {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_dark);
+                } else {
+                    refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.close_light);
+                }
+            }
         }
 
         return true;
@@ -1455,13 +2167,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         MenuItem toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
         MenuItem toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_third_party_cookies);
         MenuItem toggleDomStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);
+        MenuItem toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        MenuItem clearDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_data);
         MenuItem clearCookiesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_cookies);
         MenuItem clearDOMStorageMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);
+        MenuItem clearFormDataMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.clear_form_data);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
         MenuItem fontSizeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.font_size);
+        MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
         MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
-        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
+        MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
+        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
 
         // Set the text for the domain menu item.
         if (domainSettingsApplied) {
@@ -1474,38 +2189,99 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         toggleFirstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
         toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setChecked(thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
         toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setChecked(domStorageEnabled);
-        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);
+        toggleSaveFormDataMenuItem.setChecked(saveFormDataEnabled);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        easyListMenuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
+        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
+        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
+        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
+        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
+        swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
         displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
+        nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(nightMode);
+        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
         // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
         toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
 
-        // Enable `DOM Storage` if JavaScript is enabled.
+        // Enable DOM Storage if JavaScript is enabled.
         toggleDomStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
 
-        // Enable `Clear Cookies` if there are any.
+        // Enable Clear Cookies if there are any.
         clearCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(cookieManager.hasCookies());
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the `Local Storage` directory.
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the Local Storage directory.
         File localStorageDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/");
         int localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
         if (localStorageDirectory.exists()) {
             localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles = localStorageDirectory.list().length;
         }
 
-        // Get a count of the number of files in the `IndexedDB` directory.
+        // Get a count of the number of files in the IndexedDB directory.
         File indexedDBDirectory = new File (privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
         int indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = 0;
         if (indexedDBDirectory.exists()) {
             indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles = indexedDBDirectory.list().length;
         }
 
-        // Enable `Clear DOM Storage` if there is any.
+        // Enable Clear DOM Storage if there is any.
         clearDOMStorageMenuItem.setEnabled(localStorageDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0 || indexedDBDirectoryNumberOfFiles > 0);
 
-        // Enable `Clear Form Data` is there is any.
-        WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
-        clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebViewDatabase.hasFormData());
+        // Enable Clear Form Data is there is any.  This can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+            WebViewDatabase mainWebViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
+            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebViewDatabase.hasFormData());
+        } else {
+            // Disable clear form data because it is not supported on current version of Android.
+            clearFormDataMenuItem.setEnabled(false);
+        }
+
+        // Enable Clear Data if any of the submenu items are enabled.
+        clearDataMenuItem.setEnabled(clearCookiesMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearDOMStorageMenuItem.isEnabled() || clearFormDataMenuItem.isEnabled());
+
+        // Disable Fanboy's Social Blocking List if Fanboy's Annoyance List is checked.
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+
+        // Initialize the display names for the blocklists with the number of blocked requests.
+        blocklistsMenuItem.setTitle(getString(R.string.blocklists) + " - " + blockedRequests);
+        easyListMenuItem.setTitle(easyListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easylist));
+        easyPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(easyPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.easyprivacy));
+        fanboysAnnoyanceListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysAnnoyanceListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_annoyance_list));
+        fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setTitle(fanboysSocialBlockingListBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.fanboys_social_blocking_list));
+        ultraPrivacyMenuItem.setTitle(ultraPrivacyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.ultraprivacy));
+        blockAllThirdPartyRequestsMenuItem.setTitle(thirdPartyBlockedRequests + " - " + getString(R.string.block_all_third_party_requests));
+
+        // Get the current user agent.
+        String currentUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+        // Select the current user agent menu item.  A switch statement cannot be used because the user agents are not compile time constants.
+        if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0])) {  // Privacy Browser.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(webViewDefaultUserAgent)) {  // WebView Default.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_webview_default).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2])) {  // Firefox on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3])) {  // Chrome on Android.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4])) {  // Safari on iOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5])) {  // Firefox on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6])) {  // Chromium on Linux.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7])) {  // Firefox on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8])) {  // Chrome on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9])) {  // Edge on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10])) {  // Internet Explorer on Windows.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows).setChecked(true);
+        } else if (currentUserAgent.equals(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11])) {  // Safari on macOS.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos).setChecked(true);
+        } else {  // Custom user agent.
+            menu.findItem(R.id.user_agent_custom).setChecked(true);
+        }
 
         // Initialize font size variables.
         int fontSize = mainWebView.getSettings().getTextZoom();
@@ -1564,13 +2340,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         fontSizeMenuItem.setTitle(fontSizeTitle);
         selectedFontSizeMenuItem.setChecked(true);
 
-        // Only show `Refresh` if `swipeToRefresh` is disabled.
-        refreshMenuItem.setVisible(!swipeToRefreshEnabled);
-
         // Run all the other default commands.
         super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
 
-        // `return true` displays the menu.
+        // Display the menu.
         return true;
     }
 
@@ -1580,31 +2353,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     // removeAllCookies is deprecated, but it is required for API < 21.
     @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem menuItem) {
+        // Get the selected menu item ID.
         int menuItemId = menuItem.getItemId();
 
         // Set the commands that relate to the menu entries.
         switch (menuItemId) {
-            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
-                if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
-                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-                    currentDomainName = "";
-
-                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-
-                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain.
-                    domainsIntent.putExtra("LoadDomain", domainSettingsDatabaseId);
-
-                    // Make it so.
-                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
-                } else {  // Add a new domain.
-                    // Show the add domain `AlertDialog`.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment addDomainDialog = new AddDomainDialog();
-                    addDomainDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.add_domain));
-                }
-                return true;
-
             case R.id.toggle_javascript:
                 // Switch the status of javaScriptEnabled.
                 javaScriptEnabled = !javaScriptEnabled;
@@ -1624,8 +2377,50 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 }
 
-                // Reload the WebView.
-                mainWebView.reload();
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.add_or_edit_domain:
+                if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Edit the current domain settings.
+                    // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+                    currentDomainName = "";
+
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+
+                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", domainSettingsDatabaseId);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                } else {  // Add a new domain.
+                    // Apply the new domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                    reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
+                    currentDomainName = "";
+
+                    // Get the current domain
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
+                    String currentDomain = currentUri.getHost();
+
+                    // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+                    DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
+
+                    // Create the domain and store the database ID.
+                    int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(currentDomain);
+
+                    // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
+                    Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
+
+                    // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the new domain and close on back instead of returning to the domains list.
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("loadDomain", newDomainDatabaseId);
+                    domainsIntent.putExtra("closeOnBack", true);
+
+                    // Make it so.
+                    startActivity(domainsIntent);
+                }
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies:
@@ -1644,7 +2439,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 // Display a `Snackbar`.
                 if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_enabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
-                } else if (javaScriptEnabled){  // JavaScript is still enabled.
+                } else if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is still enabled.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.first_party_cookies_disabled, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                 } else {  // Privacy mode.
                     Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.privacy_mode, Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
@@ -1701,6 +2496,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 mainWebView.reload();
                 return true;
 
+            // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
             case R.id.toggle_save_form_data:
                 // Switch the status of saveFormDataEnabled.
                 saveFormDataEnabled = !saveFormDataEnabled;
@@ -1774,18 +2570,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                                         WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
                                         webStorage.deleteAllData();
 
-                                        // Manually remove `IndexedDB` if it exists.
-                                        try {
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                        } catch (IOException e) {
-                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                        }
+                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                            try {
+                                                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+                                            } catch (IOException e) {
+                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                            }
+                                        };
+
+                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
                                 }
                             }
                         })
                         .show();
                 return true;
 
+            // Form data can be remove once the minimum API >= 26.
             case R.id.clear_form_data:
                 Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.main_webview), R.string.form_data_deleted, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG)
                         .setAction(R.string.undo, v -> {
@@ -1811,6 +2623,180 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                         .show();
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.easylist:
+                // Toggle the EasyList status.
+                easyListEnabled = !easyListEnabled;
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(easyListEnabled);
+
+                // Reload the main WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.easyprivacy:
+                // Toggle the EasyPrivacy status.
+                easyPrivacyEnabled = !easyPrivacyEnabled;
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(easyPrivacyEnabled);
+
+                // Reload the main WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.fanboys_annoyance_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Annoyance List status.
+                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = !fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled;
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+
+                // Update the staus of Fanboy's Social Blocking List.
+                MenuItem fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListMenuItem.setEnabled(!fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled);
+
+                // Reload the main WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.fanboys_social_blocking_list:
+                // Toggle Fanboy's Social Blocking List status.
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = !fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled;
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled);
+
+                // Reload the main WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.ultraprivacy:
+                // Toggle the UltraPrivacy status.
+                ultraPrivacyEnabled = !ultraPrivacyEnabled;
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(ultraPrivacyEnabled);
+
+                // Reload the main WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.block_all_third_party_requests:
+                //Toggle the third-party requests blocker status.
+                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = !blockAllThirdPartyRequests;
+
+                // Update the menu checkbox.
+                menuItem.setChecked(blockAllThirdPartyRequests);
+
+                // Reload the main WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_privacy_browser:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[0]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_webview_default:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[2]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_android:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[3]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_ios:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[4]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[5]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_chromium_on_linux:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[6]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_firefox_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[7]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_chrome_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[8]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_edge_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[9]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_internet_explorer_on_windows:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[10]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_safari_on_macos:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data)[11]);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.user_agent_custom:
+                // Update the user agent.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
+
+                // Reload the WebView.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.font_size_twenty_five_percent:
                 mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(25);
                 return true;
@@ -1843,6 +2829,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.swipe_to_refresh:
+                // Toggle swipe to refresh.
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(!swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.display_images:
                 if (mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically()) {  // Images are currently loaded automatically.
                     mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
@@ -1850,23 +2841,35 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
                     mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                 }
-
-                // Set `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet`.
-                onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet = true;
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.share:
-                // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = webViewTitle + " – " + urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+            case R.id.night_mode:
+                // Toggle night mode.
+                nightMode = !nightMode;
 
-                // Create the share intent.
-                Intent shareIntent = new Intent();
-                shareIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
-                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
-                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+                // Enable or disable JavaScript according to night mode, the global preference, and any domain settings.
+                if (nightMode) {  // Night mode is enabled.  Enable JavaScript.
+                    // Update the global variable.
+                    javaScriptEnabled = true;
+                } else if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are applied.  Set JavaScript according to the domain settings.
+                    // Get the JavaScript preference that was stored the last time domain settings were loaded.
+                    javaScriptEnabled = domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
+                } else {  // Night mode is disabled and domain settings are not applied.  Set JavaScript according to the global preference.
+                    // Get a handle for the shared preference.
+                    SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
+
+                    // Get the JavaScript preference.
+                    javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
+                }
 
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, "Share URL"));
+                // Apply the JavaScript setting to the WebView.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
+
+                // Update the privacy icons.
+                updatePrivacyIcons(false);
+
+                // Reload the website.
+                mainWebView.reload();
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.find_on_page:
@@ -1876,7 +2879,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 // Show the Find on Page `RelativeLayout`.
                 findOnPageLinearLayout.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
 
-                // Display the keyboard.  We have to wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.  http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
+                // Display the keyboard.  We have to wait 200 ms before running the command to work around a bug in Android.
+                // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5520085/android-show-softkeyboard-with-showsoftinput-is-not-working
                 findOnPageEditText.postDelayed(() -> {
                     // Set the focus on `findOnPageEditText`.
                     findOnPageEditText.requestFocus();
@@ -1886,6 +2890,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 }, 200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.view_source:
+                // Launch the View Source activity.
+                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
+                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.share_url:
+                // Setup the share string.
+                String shareString = webViewTitle + " – " + urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+
+                // Create the share intent.
+                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
+                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
+                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.print:
                 // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
                 PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
@@ -1900,16 +2923,44 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.open_with_app:
+                openWithApp(formattedUrlString);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.open_with_browser:
+                openWithBrowser(formattedUrlString);
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Show the `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `R.string.create_shortcut`.
+                // Show the alert dialog.
                 AppCompatDialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = new CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog();
                 createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
 
-                //Everything else will be handled by `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` and the associated listener below.
+                //Everything else will be handled by the alert dialog and the associated listener below.
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
+                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
+                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
+
+                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.refresh:
-                mainWebView.reload();
+                if (menuItem.getTitle().equals(getString(R.string.refresh))) {  // The refresh button was pushed.
+                    // Reload the WebView.
+                    mainWebView.reload();
+                } else {  // The stop button was pushed.
+                    // Stop the loading of the WebView.
+                    mainWebView.stopLoading();
+                }
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.ad_consent:
+                // Display the ad consent dialog.
+                DialogFragment adConsentDialogFragment = new AdConsentDialog();
+                adConsentDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ad_consent));
                 return true;
 
             default:
@@ -1931,6 +2982,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
             case R.id.back:
                 if (mainWebView.canGoBack()) {
+                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
+                    formattedUrlString = "";
+
                     // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
                     navigatingHistory = true;
 
@@ -1941,6 +2995,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
             case R.id.forward:
                 if (mainWebView.canGoForward()) {
+                    // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
+                    formattedUrlString = "";
+
                     // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
                     navigatingHistory = true;
 
@@ -1958,6 +3015,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 urlHistoryDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.history));
                 break;
 
+            case R.id.requests:
+                // Launch the requests activity.
+                Intent requestsIntent = new Intent(this, RequestsActivity.class);
+                startActivity(requestsIntent);
+                break;
+
             case R.id.downloads:
                 // Launch the system Download Manager.
                 Intent downloadManagerIntent = new Intent(DownloadManager.ACTION_VIEW_DOWNLOADS);
@@ -1969,25 +3032,34 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 break;
 
             case R.id.domains:
-                // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Domain Settings.
                 reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
                 currentDomainName = "";
 
-                // Launch `DomainsActivity`.
+                // Launch the domains activity.
                 Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
                 startActivity(domainsIntent);
                 break;
 
             case R.id.settings:
-                // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
+                // Set the flag to reapply app settings on restart when returning from Settings.
+                reapplyAppSettingsOnRestart = true;
+
+                // Set the flag to reapply the domain settings on restart when returning from Settings.
                 reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
                 currentDomainName = "";
 
-                // Launch `SettingsActivity`.
+                // Launch the settings activity.
                 Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(this, SettingsActivity.class);
                 startActivity(settingsIntent);
                 break;
 
+            case R.id.import_export:
+                // Launch the import/export activity.
+                Intent importExportIntent = new Intent (this, ImportExportActivity.class);
+                startActivity(importExportIntent);
+                break;
+
             case R.id.guide:
                 // Launch `GuideActivity`.
                 Intent guideIntent = new Intent(this, GuideActivity.class);
@@ -2001,6 +3073,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 break;
 
             case R.id.clearAndExit:
+                // Close the bookmarks cursor and database.
+                bookmarksCursor.close();
+                bookmarksDatabaseHelper.close();
+
                 // Get a handle for `sharedPreferences`.  `this` references the current context.
                 SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
@@ -2033,10 +3109,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
                     // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories, as `WebStorage` sometimes will not flush its changes to disk before `System.exit(0)` is run.
                     try {
-                        // We have to use a `String[]` because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
+                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
                         privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
 
-                        // We have to use multiple commands because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                        // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
                         privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
                         privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
                         privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
@@ -2046,8 +3122,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     }
                 }
 
-                // Clear form data.
-                if (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true)) {
+                // Clear form data if the API < 26.
+                if ((Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) && (clearEverything || sharedPreferences.getBoolean("clear_form_data", true))) {
                     WebViewDatabase webViewDatabase = WebViewDatabase.getInstance(this);
                     webViewDatabase.clearFormData();
 
@@ -2071,7 +3147,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                         // Delete the main cache directory.
                         privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/cache");
 
-                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.  We have to use a `String[]` because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
+                        // Delete the secondary `Service Worker` cache directory.
+                        // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will not escape the string correctly otherwise.
                         privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Service Worker/"});
                     } catch (IOException e) {
                         // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
@@ -2135,16 +3212,26 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
         super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
 
-        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if we are not in full screen mode.
-        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
-            // Reload the ad.
-            BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate(adView, getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_id));
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 
-            // Reinitialize the `adView` variable, as the `View` will have been removed and re-added by `BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate()`.
-            adView = findViewById(R.id.adview);
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
+        if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+            // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+            AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
         }
 
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:  https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` should recalculate the number of action buttons from the menu to display on the app bar, but it doesn't because of the this bug:
+        // https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=20493#c8
         // ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
     }
 
@@ -2172,14 +3259,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Load URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.load_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                // Add a Load URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.load_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
                     loadUrl(linkUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
                     // Save the link URL in a `ClipData`.
                     ClipData srcAnchorTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), linkUrl);
 
@@ -2188,7 +3275,54 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                // Add a Download URL entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
 
@@ -2199,9 +3333,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Write Email` entry.
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // We use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
                     Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
 
                     // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
@@ -2215,7 +3349,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Copy Email Address` entry.
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
                     ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
@@ -2237,21 +3371,46 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
+                // Add a View Image entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     loadUrl(imageUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Show the `DownloadImageDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `@string/download`.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                // Add a Download Image entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
                     ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
@@ -2261,6 +3420,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     return false;
                 });
 
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
                 // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
@@ -2281,10 +3452,35 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 });
 
                 // Add a `Download Image` entry.
-                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // Show the `DownloadImageDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `@string/download`.
-                    AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
-                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
+                    }
                     return false;
                 });
 
@@ -2298,39 +3494,24 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     return false;
                 });
 
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
                 // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
         }
     }
 
-    @Override
-    public void onAddDomain(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Reapply the domain settings on returning to `MainWebViewActivity`.
-        reapplyDomainSettingsOnRestart = true;
-        currentDomainName = "";
-
-        // Get the new domain name `String` from `dialogFragment`.
-        EditText domainNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.domain_name_edittext);
-        String domainNameString = domainNameEditText.getText().toString();
-
-        // Initialize the database handler.  `this` specifies the context.  The two `nulls` do not specify the database name or a `CursorFactory`.
-        // The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
-        DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
-
-        // Create the domain and store the database ID in `currentDomainDatabaseId`.
-        int newDomainDatabaseId = domainsDatabaseHelper.addDomain(domainNameString);
-
-        // Create an intent to launch the domains activity.
-        Intent domainsIntent = new Intent(this, DomainsActivity.class);
-
-        // Put extra information instructing the domains activity to directly load the current domain.
-        domainsIntent.putExtra("LoadDomain", newDomainDatabaseId);
-
-        // Make it so.
-        startActivity(domainsIntent);
-    }
-
     @Override
     public void onCreateBookmark(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment) {
         // Get the `EditTexts` from the `dialogFragment`.
@@ -2352,8 +3533,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         // Create the bookmark.
         bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -2397,8 +3578,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
         bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -2409,21 +3590,79 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
     @Override
     public void onCreateHomeScreenShortcut(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment) {
-        // Get shortcutNameEditText from the alert dialog.
+        // Get the shortcut name.
         EditText shortcutNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.shortcut_name_edittext);
+        String shortcutNameString = shortcutNameEditText.getText().toString();
+
+        // Convert the favorite icon bitmap to an `Icon`.  `IconCompat` is required until API >= 26.
+        IconCompat favoriteIcon = IconCompat.createWithBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap);
+
+        // Setup the shortcut intent.
+        Intent shortcutIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+        shortcutIntent.setData(Uri.parse(formattedUrlString));
+
+        // Create a shortcut info builder.  The shortcut name becomes the shortcut ID.
+        ShortcutInfoCompat.Builder shortcutInfoBuilder = new ShortcutInfoCompat.Builder(this, shortcutNameString);
+
+        // Add the required fields to the shortcut info builder.
+        shortcutInfoBuilder.setIcon(favoriteIcon);
+        shortcutInfoBuilder.setIntent(shortcutIntent);
+        shortcutInfoBuilder.setShortLabel(shortcutNameString);
+
+        // Request the pin.  `ShortcutManagerCompat` can be switched to `ShortcutManager` once API >= 26.
+        ShortcutManagerCompat.requestPinShortcut(this, shortcutInfoBuilder.build(), null);
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onCloseDownloadLocationPermissionDialog(int downloadType) {
+        switch (downloadType) {
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with a file request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+
+            case DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE:
+                // Request the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission with an image request code.
+                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
+        switch (requestCode) {
+            case DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download file alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(downloadUrl, downloadContentDisposition, downloadContentLength);
+
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                }
+
+                // Reset the download variables.
+                downloadUrl = "";
+                downloadContentDisposition = "";
+                downloadContentLength = 0;
+                break;
+
+            case DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE:
+                // Show the download image alert dialog.  When the dialog closes, the correct command will be used based on the permission status.
+                AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(downloadImageUrl);
+
+                // On API 23, displaying the fragment must be delayed or the app will crash.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == 23) {
+                    new Handler().postDelayed(() -> downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download)), 500);
+                } else {
+                    downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                }
 
-        // Create the bookmark shortcut based on formattedUrlString.
-        Intent bookmarkShortcut = new Intent();
-        bookmarkShortcut.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
-        bookmarkShortcut.setData(Uri.parse(formattedUrlString));
-
-        // Place the bookmark shortcut on the home screen.
-        Intent placeBookmarkShortcut = new Intent();
-        placeBookmarkShortcut.putExtra("android.intent.extra.shortcut.INTENT", bookmarkShortcut);
-        placeBookmarkShortcut.putExtra("android.intent.extra.shortcut.NAME", shortcutNameEditText.getText().toString());
-        placeBookmarkShortcut.putExtra("android.intent.extra.shortcut.ICON", favoriteIconBitmap);
-        placeBookmarkShortcut.setAction("com.android.launcher.action.INSTALL_SHORTCUT");
-        sendBroadcast(placeBookmarkShortcut);
+                // Reset the image URL variable.
+                downloadImageUrl = "";
+                break;
+        }
     }
 
     @Override
@@ -2446,15 +3685,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
             }
 
-            // Get the file name from `dialogFragment`.
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
             EditText downloadImageNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_image_name);
             String imageName = downloadImageNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-            // Once we have `WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE` permissions we can use `setDestinationInExternalPublicDir`.
-            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) { // If API >= 23, set the download save in the the `DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS` using `imageName`.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, "/", imageName);
-            } else { // Only set the title using `imageName`.
-                downloadRequest.setTitle(imageName);
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, imageName);
             }
 
             // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
@@ -2480,7 +3721,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     public void onDownloadFile(AppCompatDialogFragment dialogFragment, String downloadUrl) {
         // Download the file if it has an HTTP or HTTPS URI.
         if (downloadUrl.startsWith("http")) {
-
             // Get a handle for the system `DOWNLOAD_SERVICE`.
             DownloadManager downloadManager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
 
@@ -2497,15 +3737,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 downloadRequest.addRequestHeader("Cookie", cookies);
             }
 
-            // Get the file name from `dialogFragment`.
+            // Get the file name from the dialog fragment.
             EditText downloadFileNameEditText = dialogFragment.getDialog().findViewById(R.id.download_file_name);
             String fileName = downloadFileNameEditText.getText().toString();
 
-            // Once we have `WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE` permissions we can use `setDestinationInExternalPublicDir`.
-            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) { // If API >= 23, set the download location to `/sdcard/Android/data/com.stoutner.privacybrowser.standard/files` named `fileName`.
-                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, "/", fileName);
-            } else { // Only set the title using `fileName`.
-                downloadRequest.setTitle(fileName);
+            // Specify the download location.
+            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  // External write permission granted.
+                // Download to the public download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalPublicDir(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
+            } else {  // External write permission denied.
+                // Download to the app's external download directory.
+                downloadRequest.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir(this, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, fileName);
             }
 
             // Allow `MediaScanner` to index the download if it is a media file.
@@ -2551,8 +3793,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
         }
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -2613,8 +3855,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, folderIconByteArray);
         }
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -2653,8 +3895,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onSslMismatchBack() {
+    public void onPinnedMismatchBack() {
         if (mainWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is a back page in the history.
+            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
+            formattedUrlString = "";
+
             // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
             navigatingHistory = true;
 
@@ -2667,13 +3912,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onSslMismatchProceed() {
-        // Do not check the pinned SSL certificate for this domain again until the domain changes.
-        ignorePinnedSslCertificate = true;
+    public void onPinnedMismatchProceed() {
+        // Do not check the pinned information for this domain again until the domain changes.
+        ignorePinnedDomainInformation = true;
     }
 
     @Override
     public void onUrlHistoryEntrySelected(int moveBackOrForwardSteps) {
+        // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
+        formattedUrlString = "";
+
         // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
         navigatingHistory = true;
 
@@ -2699,13 +3947,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
             } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
                 // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
                 // Load the new folder.
                 loadBookmarksFolder();
             }
 
         } else if (mainWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is at least one item in the `WebView` history.
+            // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
+            formattedUrlString = "";
+
             // Set `navigatingHistory` so that the domain settings are applied when the new URL is loaded.
             navigatingHistory = true;
 
@@ -2717,15 +3968,29 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         }
     }
 
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
+    // Process the results of an upload file chooser.  Currently there is only one `startActivityForResult` in this activity, so the request code, used to differentiate them, is ignored.
+    @Override
+    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
+        // File uploads only work on API >= 21.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            // Pass the file to the WebView.
+            fileChooserCallback.onReceiveValue(WebChromeClient.FileChooserParams.parseResult(resultCode, data));
+        }
+    }
+
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
         // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
         String unformattedUrlString = urlTextBox.getText().toString().trim();
 
         // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if ((Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches()) || (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://")) || (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://"))) {
-            // Add `http://` at the beginning if it is missing.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http")) {
-                unformattedUrlString = "http://" + unformattedUrlString;
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            formattedUrlString = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://")
+                || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
             }
 
             // Initialize `unformattedUrl`.
@@ -2739,39 +4004,60 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             }
 
             // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            final String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            final String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            final String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            final String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            final String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
             // Build the URI.
             Uri.Builder formattedUri = new Uri.Builder();
             formattedUri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
-            // Decode `formattedUri` as a `String` in `UTF-8`.
-            formattedUrlString = URLDecoder.decode(formattedUri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
-        } else {
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            final String encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            // Decode `formattedUri` as a `String` in `UTF-8`.
+            try {
+                formattedUrlString = URLDecoder.decode(formattedUri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Load a blank string.
+                formattedUrlString = "";
+            }
+        } else if (unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // Load a blank web site.
+            // Load a blank string.
+            formattedUrlString = "";
+        } else {  // Search for the contents of the URL box.
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
+
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
             // Add the base search URL.
             formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
         }
 
+        // Clear the focus from the URL text box.  Otherwise, proximate typing in the box will retain the colorized formatting instead of being reset during refocus.
+        urlTextBox.clearFocus();
+
+        // Make it so.
         loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
     }
 
+    private void loadUrl(String url) {// Apply any custom domain settings.
+        // Set the URL as the formatted URL string so that checking third-party requests works correctly.
+        formattedUrlString = url;
+
+        // Apply the domain settings.
+        applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
 
-    private void loadUrl(String url) {
-        // Apply any custom domain settings.
-        applyDomainSettings(url);
+        // If loading a website, set `urlIsLoading` to prevent changes in the user agent on websites with redirects from reloading the current website.
+        urlIsLoading = !url.equals("");
 
         // Load the URL.
         mainWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
-
-        // Set `urlIsLoading` to prevent changes in the user agent on websites with redirects from reloading the current website.
-        urlIsLoading = true;
     }
 
     public void findPreviousOnPage(View view) {
@@ -2802,93 +4088,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
     }
 
     private void applyAppSettings() {
-        // Get a handle for `sharedPreferences`.  `this` references the current context.
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-        // Store the values from `sharedPreferences` in variables.
-        String homepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", "https://start.duckduckgo.com");
-        String torHomepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", "https://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion");
-        String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", "https://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/html/?q=");
-        String torSearchCustomURLString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", "");
-        String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", "https://duckduckgo.com/html/?q=");
-        String searchCustomURLString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", "");
-        adBlockerEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("block_ads", true);
+        // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
         incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
         boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
-        boolean proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
+        proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
         fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
         hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_system_bars", false);
         translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("translucent_navigation_bar", true);
-        swipeToRefreshEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", false);
-        displayWebpageImagesBoolean = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
-
-        // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
-            // Set `torHomepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = torHomepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
-            // Set the search URL.
-            if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
-                searchURL = torSearchCustomURLString;
-            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
-                searchURL = torSearchString;
-            }
-
-            // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
-            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
-
-            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.  `this` refers to the context.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
-            } else {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
-            }
-
-            // Display a message to the user if we are waiting on Orbot.
-            if (!orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-                // Set `waitingForOrbot`.
-                waitingForOrbot = true;
-
-                // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-                mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHTMLString, "text/html", null);
-            }
-        } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
-            // Set `homepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = homepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
-            // Set the search URL.
-            if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
-                searchURL = searchCustomURLString;
-            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
-                searchURL = searchString;
-            }
-
-            // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
-            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
-
-            // Set the default `appBar` background.  `this` refers to the context.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
-            } else {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
-            }
-
-            // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
-            waitingForOrbot = false;
-        }
+        downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
 
-        // Set swipe to refresh.
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(swipeToRefreshEnabled);
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
 
         // Set Do Not Track status.
         if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
@@ -2898,7 +4111,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
         }
 
         // Apply the appropriate full screen mode the `SYSTEM_UI` flags.
-        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
+        if (fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled && inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {  // Privacy Browser is currently in full screen browsing mode.
             if (hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen) {  // Hide everything.
                 // Remove the translucent navigation setting if it is currently flagged.
                 getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
@@ -2911,10 +4124,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
                 /* SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN hides the status bar at the top of the screen.
                  * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION hides the navigation bar on the bottom or right of the screen.
-                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically rehides them after they are shown.
+                 * SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY makes the status and navigation bars translucent and automatically re-hides them after they are shown.
                  */
                 rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_FULLSCREEN | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_HIDE_NAVIGATION | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_IMMERSIVE_STICKY);
             } else {  // Hide everything except the status and navigation bars.
+                // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
+                rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+
                 // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.
                 getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
@@ -2926,8 +4142,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
                 }
             }
-        } else {  // Switch to normal viewing mode.
-            // Reset `inFullScreenBrowsingMode` to `false`.
+        } else {  // Privacy Browser is not in full screen browsing mode.
+            // Reset the full screen tracker, which could be true if Privacy Browser was in full screen mode before entering settings and full screen browsing was disabled.
             inFullScreenBrowsingMode = false;
 
             // Show the `appBar` if `findOnPageLinearLayout` is not visible.
@@ -2937,32 +4153,33 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
 
             // Show the `BannerAd` in the free flavor.
             if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free")) {
-                // Reload the ad.  Because the screen may have rotated, we need to use `reloadAfterRotate`.
-                BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate(adView, getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_id));
-
-                // Reinitialize the `adView` variable, as the `View` will have been removed and re-added by `BannerAd.reloadAfterRotate()`.
-                adView = findViewById(R.id.adview);
+                // Initialize the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
+                AdHelper.initializeAds(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.google_app_id), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
             }
 
+            // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
+            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
+
             // Remove the translucent navigation bar flag if it is set.
             getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION);
 
             // Add the translucent status flag if it is unset.  This also resets `drawerLayout's` `View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LAYOUT_FULLSCREEN`.
             getWindow().addFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS);
 
-            // Remove any `SYSTEM_UI` flags from `rootCoordinatorLayout`.
-            rootCoordinatorLayout.setSystemUiVisibility(0);
-
             // Constrain `rootCoordinatorLayout` inside the status and navigation bars.
             rootCoordinatorLayout.setFitsSystemWindows(true);
         }
     }
 
-    // We have to use the deprecated `.getDrawable()` until the minimum API >= 21.
+    // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
+    // The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
     @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    private void applyDomainSettings(String url) {
-        // Reset `navigatingHistory`.
-        navigatingHistory = false;
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(String url, boolean resetFavoriteIcon, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Get the current user agent.
+        String initialUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+        // Initialize a variable to track if the user agent changes.
+        boolean userAgentChanged = false;
 
         // Parse the URL into a URI.
         Uri uri = Uri.parse(url);
@@ -2982,20 +4199,26 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             loadingNewDomainName = !hostName.equals(currentDomainName);
         }
 
-        // Only apply the domain settings if we are loading a new domain.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
+        // Strings don't like to be null.
+        if (hostName == null) {
+            hostName = "";
+        }
+
+        // Only apply the domain settings if a new domain is being loaded.  This allows the user to set temporary settings for JavaScript, cookies, DOM storage, etc.
         if (loadingNewDomainName) {
             // Set the new `hostname` as the `currentDomainName`.
             currentDomainName = hostName;
 
-            // Reset `ignorePinnedSslCertificate`.
-            ignorePinnedSslCertificate = false;
+            // Reset the ignoring of pinned domain information.
+            ignorePinnedDomainInformation = false;
 
-            // Reset `favoriteIconBitmap` and display it in the `appbar`.
-            favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-            favoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap, 64, 64, true));
+            // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
+            if (resetFavoriteIcon) {
+                favoriteIconBitmap = favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
+                favoriteIconImageView.setImageBitmap(Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap, 64, 64, true));
+            }
 
-            // Initialize the database handler.  `this` specifies the context.  The two `nulls` do not specify the database name or a `CursorFactory`.
-            // The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
+            // Initialize the database handler.  The `0` specifies the database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `DomainsDatabaseHelper`.
             DomainsDatabaseHelper domainsDatabaseHelper = new DomainsDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
             // Get a full cursor from `domainsDatabaseHelper`.
@@ -3029,29 +4252,33 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 domainNameInDatabase = hostName;
             }
 
-            // If `hostName` is not `null`, check all the subdomains of `hostName` against wildcard domains in `domainCursor`.
-            if (hostName != null) {
-                while (hostName.contains(".") && !domainSettingsApplied) {  // Stop checking if we run out of  `.` or if we already know that `domainSettingsApplied` is `true`.
-                    if (domainSettingsSet.contains("*." + hostName)) {  // Check the host name prepended by `*.`.
-                        domainSettingsApplied = true;
-                        domainNameInDatabase = "*." + hostName;
-                    }
+            // Check all the subdomains of the host name against wildcard domains in the domain cursor.
+            while (!domainSettingsApplied && hostName.contains(".")) {  // Stop checking if domain settings are already applied or there are no more `.` in the host name.
+                if (domainSettingsSet.contains("*." + hostName)) {  // Check the host name prepended by `*.`.
+                    // Apply the domain settings.
+                    domainSettingsApplied = true;
 
-                    // Strip out the lowest subdomain of `host`.
-                    hostName = hostName.substring(hostName.indexOf(".") + 1);
+                    // Store the applied domain names as it appears in the database.
+                    domainNameInDatabase = "*." + hostName;
                 }
+
+                // Strip out the lowest subdomain of of the host name.
+                hostName = hostName.substring(hostName.indexOf(".") + 1);
             }
 
-            // Get a handle for the shared preference.  `this` references the current context.
+
+            // Get a handle for the shared preference.
             SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
             // Store the general preference information.
-            String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("default_font_size", "100");
-            String defaultUserAgentString = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", "PrivacyBrowser/1.0");
-            String defaultCustomUserAgentString = sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", "PrivacyBrowser/1.0");
+            String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
+            String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
+            defaultCustomUserAgentString = sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value));
+            boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
             nightMode = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false);
+            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
-            if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // The url we are loading has custom domain settings.
+            if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // The url has custom domain settings.
                 // Get a cursor for the current host and move it to the first position.
                 Cursor currentHostDomainSettingsCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getCursorForDomainName(domainNameInDatabase);
                 currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.moveToFirst();
@@ -3062,18 +4289,28 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 firstPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FIRST_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
                 thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_THIRD_PARTY_COOKIES)) == 1);
                 domStorageEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_DOM_STORAGE)) == 1);
+                // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
                 saveFormDataEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FORM_DATA)) == 1);
-                String userAgentString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.USER_AGENT));
+                easyListEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYLIST)) == 1);
+                easyPrivacyEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_EASYPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_ANNOYANCE_LIST)) == 1);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_FANBOYS_SOCIAL_BLOCKING_LIST)) == 1);
+                ultraPrivacyEnabled = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.ENABLE_ULTRAPRIVACY)) == 1);
+                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.BLOCK_ALL_THIRD_PARTY_REQUESTS)) == 1);
+                String userAgentName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.USER_AGENT));
                 int fontSize = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
-                displayWebpageImagesInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
+                int swipeToRefreshInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
                 int nightModeInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
-                pinnedDomainSslCertificate = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
+                pinnedSslCertificate = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
+                pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
+                pinnedSslIssuedToOName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
+                pinnedSslIssuedToUName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                pinnedSslIssuedByCName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
+                pinnedSslIssuedByOName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
+                pinnedSslIssuedByUName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                pinnedIpAddresses = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_IP_ADDRESSES)) == 1);
+                pinnedHostIpAddresses = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.IP_ADDRESSES));
 
                 // Set `nightMode` according to `nightModeInt`.  If `nightModeInt` is `DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT` the current setting from `sharedPreferences` will be used.
                 switch (nightModeInt) {
@@ -3086,23 +4323,26 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                         break;
                 }
 
-                // Set `javaScriptEnabled` to be `true` if `night_mode` is `true`.
+                // Store the domain JavaScript status.  This is used by the options menu night mode toggle.
+                domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled = javaScriptEnabled;
+
+                // Enable JavaScript if night mode is enabled.
                 if (nightMode) {
                     javaScriptEnabled = true;
                 }
 
                 // Set the pinned SSL certificate start date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0.
                 if (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)) == 0) {
-                    pinnedDomainSslStartDate = null;
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = null;
                 } else {
-                    pinnedDomainSslStartDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
                 }
 
                 // Set the pinned SSL certificate end date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0.
                 if (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)) == 0) {
-                    pinnedDomainSslEndDate = null;
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = null;
                 } else {
-                    pinnedDomainSslEndDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
                 }
 
                 // Close `currentHostDomainSettingsCursor`.
@@ -3112,7 +4352,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
                 cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 mainWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+
+                // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+                    mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+                }
 
                 // Apply the font size.
                 if (fontSize == 0) {  // Apply the default font size.
@@ -3126,37 +4370,92 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                     cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(mainWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
+                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
+                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
                 if (!urlIsLoading) {
-                    switch (userAgentString) {
-                        case "System default user agent":
-                            // Set the user agent according to the system default.
-                            switch (defaultUserAgentString) {
-                                case "WebView default user agent":
-                                    // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                                    break;
-
-                                case "Custom user agent":
-                                    // Set the custom user agent.
-                                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
-                                    break;
-
-                                default:
-                                    // Use the selected user agent.
-                                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentString);
-                            }
-                            break;
+                    // Set the user agent.
+                    if (userAgentName.equals(getString(R.string.system_default_user_agent))) {  // Use the system default user agent.
+                        // Get the array position of the default user agent name.
+                        int defaultUserAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+
+                        // Set the user agent according to the system default.
+                        switch (defaultUserAgentArrayPosition) {
+                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                                // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                                break;
+
+                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                                break;
+
+                            case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
+                                // Set the custom user agent.
+                                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
+                                break;
+
+                            default:
+                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[defaultUserAgentArrayPosition]);
+                        }
+                    } else {  // Set the user agent according to the stored name.
+                        // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                        int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(userAgentName);
+
+                        switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                            case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The user agent name contains a custom user agent.
+                                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentName);
+                                break;
+
+                            case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
+                                // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
+                                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
+                                break;
+
+                            default:
+                                // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array.
+                                mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
+                        }
+                    }
 
-                        case "WebView default user agent":
-                            // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
-                            mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
-                            break;
+                    // Store the applied user agent string, which is used in the View Source activity.
+                    appliedUserAgentString = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
-                        default:
-                            // Use the selected user agent.
-                            mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentString);
-                    }
+                    // Update the user agent change tracker.
+                    userAgentChanged = !appliedUserAgentString.equals(initialUserAgent);
+                }
+
+                // Set swipe to refresh.
+                switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Set swipe to refresh according to the default.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
+                        // Enable swipe to refresh.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
+                        // Disable swipe to refresh.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+
+                // Set the loading of webpage images.
+                switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
+                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
+                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
+                        break;
                 }
 
                 // Set a green background on `urlTextBox` to indicate that custom domain settings are being used.  We have to use the deprecated `.getDrawable()` until the minimum API >= 21.
@@ -3165,13 +4464,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 } else {
                     urlAppBarRelativeLayout.setBackground(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.url_bar_background_light_green));
                 }
-            } else {  // The URL we are loading does not have custom domain settings.  Load the defaults.
+            } else {  // The new URL does not have custom domain settings.  Load the defaults.
                 // Store the values from `sharedPreferences` in variables.
-                javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript_enabled", false);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies_enabled", false);
-                thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies_enabled", false);
-                domStorageEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage_enabled", false);
-                saveFormDataEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data_enabled", false);
+                javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
+                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false);
+                thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies", false);
+                domStorageEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage", false);
+                saveFormDataEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+                easyListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easylist", true);
+                easyPrivacyEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easyprivacy", true);
+                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_annoyance_list", true);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_social_blocking_list", true);
+                ultraPrivacyEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("ultraprivacy", true);
+                blockAllThirdPartyRequests = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("block_all_third_party_requests", false);
 
                 // Set `javaScriptEnabled` to be `true` if `night_mode` is `true`.
                 if (nightMode) {
@@ -3182,167 +4487,317 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 mainWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(javaScriptEnabled);
                 cookieManager.setAcceptCookie(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 mainWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(domStorageEnabled);
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
                 mainWebView.getSettings().setTextZoom(Integer.valueOf(defaultFontSizeString));
+                swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
 
-                // Reset the pinned SSL certificate information.
+                // Apply the form data setting if the API < 26.
+                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 26) {
+                    mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
+                }
+
+                // Reset the pinned variables.
                 domainSettingsDatabaseId = -1;
-                pinnedDomainSslCertificate = false;
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslStartDate = null;
-                pinnedDomainSslEndDate = null;
+                pinnedSslCertificate = false;
+                pinnedSslIssuedToCName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedToOName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedToUName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedByCName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedByOName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedByUName = "";
+                pinnedSslStartDate = null;
+                pinnedSslEndDate = null;
+                pinnedIpAddresses = false;
+                pinnedHostIpAddresses = "";
 
                 // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
                     cookieManager.setAcceptThirdPartyCookies(mainWebView, thirdPartyCookiesEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.  <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
+                // Only set the user agent if the webpage is not currently loading.  Otherwise, changing the user agent on redirects can cause the original website to reload.
+                // <https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/160>
                 if (!urlIsLoading) {
-                    switch (defaultUserAgentString) {
-                        case "WebView default user agent":
+                    // Get the array position of the user agent name.
+                    int userAgentArrayPosition = userAgentNamesArray.getPosition(defaultUserAgentName);
+
+                    // Set the user agent.
+                    switch (userAgentArrayPosition) {
+                        case UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT:  // The default user agent name is not on the canonical list.
+                            // This is probably because it was set in an older version of Privacy Browser before the switch to persistent user agent names.
+                            mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentName);
+                            break;
+
+                        case SETTINGS_WEBVIEW_DEFAULT_USER_AGENT:
                             // Set the user agent to `""`, which uses the default value.
                             mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString("");
                             break;
 
-                        case "Custom user agent":
+                        case SETTINGS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT:
                             // Set the custom user agent.
                             mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultCustomUserAgentString);
                             break;
 
                         default:
-                            // Use the selected user agent.
-                            mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(defaultUserAgentString);
+                            // Get the user agent string from the user agent data array
+                            mainWebView.getSettings().setUserAgentString(userAgentDataArray[userAgentArrayPosition]);
                     }
+
+                    // Store the applied user agent string, which is used in the View Source activity.
+                    appliedUserAgentString = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+                    // Update the user agent change tracker.
+                    userAgentChanged = !appliedUserAgentString.equals(initialUserAgent);
                 }
 
-                // Set a transparent background on `urlTextBox`.  We have to use the deprecated `.getDrawable()` until the minimum API >= 21.
+                // Set the loading of webpage images.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
+
+                // Set a transparent background on `urlTextBox`.  The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
                 urlAppBarRelativeLayout.setBackgroundDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
 
-            // Close `domainsDatabaseHelper`.
+            // Close the domains database helper.
             domainsDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-            // Remove the `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet` flag and set the display webpage images mode.  `true` indicates that custom domain settings are applied.
-            onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet = false;
-            setDisplayWebpageImages();
-
             // Update the privacy icons, but only if `mainMenu` has already been populated.
             if (mainMenu != null) {
                 updatePrivacyIcons(true);
             }
         }
+
+        // Reload the website if returning from the Domains activity.
+        if (reloadWebsite) {
+            mainWebView.reload();
+        }
+
+        // Return the user agent changed status.
+        return userAgentChanged;
     }
 
-    private void setDisplayWebpageImages() {
-        if (!onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet) {
-            if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Custom domain settings are applied.
-                switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
-                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImagesBoolean);
-                        break;
+    private void applyProxyThroughOrbot(boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
-                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
-                        break;
+        // Get the search preferences.
+        String homepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value));
+        String torHomepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value));
+        String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", getString(R.string.tor_search_default_value));
+        String torSearchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", getString(R.string.tor_search_custom_url_default_value));
+        String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", getString(R.string.search_default_value));
+        String searchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", getString(R.string.search_custom_url_default_value));
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
-                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
-                        break;
-                }
-            } else {  // Default settings are applied.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImagesBoolean);
+        // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
+            // Set `torHomepageString` as `homepage`.
+            homepage = torHomepageString;
+
+            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
+            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
+                formattedUrlString = homepage;
+            }
+
+            // Set the search URL.
+            if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
+                searchURL = torSearchCustomUrlString;
+            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
+                searchURL = torSearchString;
+            }
+
+            // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
+            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
+
+            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.  `this` refers to the context.
+            if (darkTheme) {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
+            } else {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
+            }
+
+            // Check to see if Orbot is ready.
+            if (!orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {  // Orbot is not ready.
+                // Set `waitingForOrbot`.
+                waitingForOrbot = true;
+
+                // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+
+                // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+                mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+            } else if (reloadWebsite) {  // Orbot is ready and the website should be reloaded.
+                // Reload the website.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+            }
+        } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
+            // Set `homepageString` as `homepage`.
+            homepage = homepageString;
+
+            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
+            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
+                formattedUrlString = homepage;
+            }
+
+            // Set the search URL.
+            if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
+                searchURL = searchCustomUrlString;
+            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
+                searchURL = searchString;
+            }
+
+            // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
+            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
+
+            // Set the default `appBar` background.  `this` refers to the context.
+            if (darkTheme) {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
+            } else {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
+            }
+
+            // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
+            waitingForOrbot = false;
+
+            // Reload the website if requested.
+            if (reloadWebsite) {
+                mainWebView.reload();
             }
         }
     }
 
     private void updatePrivacyIcons(boolean runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
-        // Get handles for the icons.
-        MenuItem privacyIconMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_javascript);
-        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesIconMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
-        MenuItem domStorageIconMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
-        MenuItem formDataIconMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_save_form_data);
+        // Get handles for the menu items.
+        MenuItem privacyMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_javascript);
+        MenuItem firstPartyCookiesMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_first_party_cookies);
+        MenuItem domStorageMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.toggle_dom_storage);
+        MenuItem refreshMenuItem = mainMenu.findItem(R.id.refresh);
 
-        // Update `privacyIcon`.
+        // Update the privacy icon.
         if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is enabled.
-            privacyIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.javascript_enabled);
+            privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.javascript_enabled);
         } else if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // JavaScript is disabled but cookies are enabled.
-            privacyIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.warning);
+            privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.warning);
         } else {  // All the dangerous features are disabled.
-            privacyIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.privacy_mode);
+            privacyMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.privacy_mode);
         }
 
-        // Update `firstPartyCookiesIcon`.
+        // Update the first-party cookies icon.
         if (firstPartyCookiesEnabled) {  // First-party cookies are enabled.
-            firstPartyCookiesIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_enabled);
+            firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_enabled);
         } else {  // First-party cookies are disabled.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                firstPartyCookiesIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_dark);
+                firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_dark);
             } else {
-                firstPartyCookiesIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_light);
+                firstPartyCookiesMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.cookies_disabled_light);
             }
         }
 
-        // Update `domStorageIcon`.
+        // Update the DOM storage icon.
         if (javaScriptEnabled && domStorageEnabled) {  // Both JavaScript and DOM storage are enabled.
-            domStorageIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_enabled);
+            domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_enabled);
         } else if (javaScriptEnabled) {  // JavaScript is enabled but DOM storage is disabled.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                domStorageIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_dark);
+                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_dark);
             } else {
-                domStorageIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_light);
+                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_disabled_light);
             }
         } else {  // JavaScript is disabled, so DOM storage is ghosted.
             if (darkTheme) {
-                domStorageIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_dark);
+                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_dark);
             } else {
-                domStorageIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_light);
+                domStorageMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.dom_storage_ghosted_light);
             }
         }
 
-        // Update `formDataIcon`.
-        if (saveFormDataEnabled) {  // Form data is enabled.
-            formDataIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.form_data_enabled);
-        } else {  // Form data is disabled.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                formDataIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.form_data_disabled_dark);
-            } else {
-                formDataIconMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.form_data_disabled_light);
-            }
+        // Update the refresh icon.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_dark);
+        } else {
+            refreshMenuItem.setIcon(R.drawable.refresh_enabled_light);
         }
 
-        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` calls `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and redraws the icons in the `AppBar`.  `this` references the current activity.
+        // `invalidateOptionsMenu` calls `onPrepareOptionsMenu()` and redraws the icons in the `AppBar`.
         if (runInvalidateOptionsMenu) {
-            ActivityCompat.invalidateOptionsMenu(this);
+            invalidateOptionsMenu();
         }
     }
 
+    private void openUrlWithExternalApp(String url) {
+        // Create a download intent.  Not specifying the action type will display the maximum number of options.
+        Intent downloadIntent = new Intent();
+
+        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  Specifying `text/html` displays a good number of options.
+        downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        downloadIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(downloadIntent, getString(R.string.open_with)));
+    }
+
     private void highlightUrlText() {
-        String urlString = urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+        // Only highlight the URL text if the box is not currently selected.
+        if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
+            // Get the URL string.
+            String urlString = urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+
+            // Highlight the URL according to the protocol.
+            if (urlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a file URL.
+                // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 7, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+            } else if (urlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 10, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+            } else {  // This is a web URL.
+                // Get the index of the `/` immediately after the domain name.
+                int endOfDomainName = urlString.indexOf("/", (urlString.indexOf("//") + 2));
+
+                // Create a base URL string.
+                String baseUrl;
+
+                // Get the base URL.
+                if (endOfDomainName > 0) {  // There is at least one character after the base URL.
+                    // Get the base URL.
+                    baseUrl = urlString.substring(0, endOfDomainName);
+                } else {  // There are no characters after the base URL.
+                    // Set the base URL to be the entire URL string.
+                    baseUrl = urlString;
+                }
 
-        if (urlString.startsWith("http://")) {  // Highlight connections that are not encrypted.
-            urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(redColorSpan, 0, 7, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
-        } else if (urlString.startsWith("https://")) {  // Highlight connections that are encrypted.
-            urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 8, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
-        }
+                // Get the index of the last `.` in the domain.
+                int lastDotIndex = baseUrl.lastIndexOf(".");
+
+                // Get the index of the penultimate `.` in the domain.
+                int penultimateDotIndex = baseUrl.lastIndexOf(".", lastDotIndex - 1);
+
+                // Markup the beginning of the URL.
+                if (urlString.startsWith("http://")) {  // Highlight the protocol of connections that are not encrypted.
+                    urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(redColorSpan, 0, 7, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
 
-        // Get the index of the `/` immediately after the domain name.
-        int endOfDomainName = urlString.indexOf("/", (urlString.indexOf("//") + 2));
+                    // De-emphasize subdomains.
+                    if (penultimateDotIndex > 0) {  // There is more than one subdomain in the domain name.
+                        urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 7, penultimateDotIndex + 1, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                    }
+                } else if (urlString.startsWith("https://")) {  // De-emphasize the protocol of connections that are encrypted.
+                    if (penultimateDotIndex > 0) {  // There is more than one subdomain in the domain name.
+                        // De-emphasize the protocol and the additional subdomains.
+                        urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, penultimateDotIndex + 1, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                    } else {  // There is only one subdomain in the domain name.
+                        // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                        urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 8, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                    }
+                }
 
-        // De-emphasize the text after the domain name.
-        if (endOfDomainName > 0) {
-            urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(finalGrayColorSpan, endOfDomainName, urlString.length(), Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                // De-emphasize the text after the domain name.
+                if (endOfDomainName > 0) {
+                    urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(finalGrayColorSpan, endOfDomainName, urlString.length(), Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                }
+            }
         }
     }
 
     private void loadBookmarksFolder() {
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the contents of the bookmarks database for the current folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the contents of the bookmarks database for the current folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Populate the bookmarks cursor adapter.  `this` specifies the `Context`.  `false` disables `autoRequery`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter = new CursorAdapter(this, bookmarksCursor, false) {
@@ -3358,7 +4813,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
                 ImageView bookmarkFavoriteIcon = view.findViewById(R.id.bookmark_favorite_icon);
                 TextView bookmarkNameTextView = view.findViewById(R.id.bookmark_name);
 
-                // Get the favorite icon byte array from the `Cursor`.
+                // Get the favorite icon byte array from the cursor.
                 byte[] favoriteIconByteArray = cursor.getBlob(cursor.getColumnIndex(BookmarksDatabaseHelper.FAVORITE_ICON));
 
                 // Convert the byte array to a `Bitmap` beginning at the first byte and ending at the last.
@@ -3390,4 +4845,98 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements AddDomainD
             bookmarksTitleTextView.setText(currentBookmarksFolder);
         }
     }
-}
+
+    private void openWithApp(String url) {
+        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
+        Intent openWithAppIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+        // Set the URI but not the MIME type.  This should open all available apps.
+        openWithAppIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        openWithAppIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(openWithAppIntent);
+    }
+
+    private void openWithBrowser(String url) {
+        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
+        Intent openWithBrowserIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  `"text/html"` should load browser options.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
+    }
+
+    // This must run asynchronously because it involves a network request.  `String` declares the parameters.  `Void` does not declare progress units.  `String` contains the results.
+    private static class GetHostIpAddresses extends AsyncTask<String, Void, String> {
+        // The weak references are used to determine if the activity have disappeared while the AsyncTask is running.
+        private final WeakReference<Activity> activityWeakReference;
+
+        GetHostIpAddresses(Activity activity) {
+            // Populate the weak references.
+            activityWeakReference = new WeakReference<>(activity);
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected String doInBackground(String... domainName) {
+            // Get handles for the activity and the alert dialog.
+            Activity activity = activityWeakReference.get();
+
+            // Abort if the activity or the dialog is gone.
+            if ((activity == null) || activity.isFinishing()) {
+                // Return an empty spannable string builder.
+                return "";
+            }
+
+            // Initialize an IP address string builder.
+            StringBuilder ipAddresses = new StringBuilder();
+
+            // Get an array with the IP addresses for the host.
+            try {
+                // Get an array with all the IP addresses for the domain.
+                InetAddress[] inetAddressesArray = InetAddress.getAllByName(domainName[0]);
+
+                // Add each IP address to the string builder.
+                for (InetAddress inetAddress : inetAddressesArray) {
+                    if (ipAddresses.length() == 0) {  // This is the first IP address.
+                        // Add the IP address to the string builder.
+                        ipAddresses.append(inetAddress.getHostAddress());
+                    } else {  // This is not the first IP address.
+                        // Add a line break to the string builder first.
+                        ipAddresses.append("\n");
+
+                        // Add the IP address to the string builder.
+                        ipAddresses.append(inetAddress.getHostAddress());
+                    }
+                }
+            } catch (UnknownHostException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+
+            // Return the string.
+            return ipAddresses.toString();
+        }
+
+        // `onPostExecute()` operates on the UI thread.
+        @Override
+        protected void onPostExecute(String ipAddresses) {
+            // Get handles for the activity and the alert dialog.
+            Activity activity = activityWeakReference.get();
+
+            // Abort if the activity or the alert dialog is gone.
+            if ((activity == null) || activity.isFinishing()) {
+                return;
+            }
+
+            // Store the IP addresses.
+            currentHostIpAddresses = ipAddresses;
+        }
+    }
+}
\ No newline at end of file