Add Open With items to the context menus. https://redmine.stoutner.com/issues/374
[PrivacyBrowser.git] / app / src / main / java / com / stoutner / privacybrowser / activities / MainWebViewActivity.java
index 977accd39c1b8dbbfc5d3138546020e90be77622..a57831b7f14c8e4d0df81492c79099c63ca8964d 100644 (file)
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Copyright © 2015-2018 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
+ * Copyright © 2015-2019 Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
  * Download cookie code contributed 2017 Hendrik Knackstedt.  Copyright assigned to Soren Stoutner <soren@stoutner.com>.
  *
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
 import android.app.Activity;
 import android.app.DialogFragment;
 import android.app.DownloadManager;
+import android.app.SearchManager;
 import android.content.ActivityNotFoundException;
 import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
 import android.content.ClipData;
@@ -36,6 +37,7 @@ import android.content.IntentFilter;
 import android.content.SharedPreferences;
 import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
 import android.content.res.Configuration;
+import android.content.res.Resources;
 import android.database.Cursor;
 import android.graphics.Bitmap;
 import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
@@ -45,6 +47,7 @@ import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
 import android.net.Uri;
 import android.net.http.SslCertificate;
 import android.net.http.SslError;
+import android.os.AsyncTask;
 import android.os.Build;
 import android.os.Bundle;
 import android.os.Environment;
@@ -93,6 +96,7 @@ import android.webkit.ValueCallback;
 import android.webkit.WebBackForwardList;
 import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
 import android.webkit.WebResourceResponse;
+import android.webkit.WebSettings;
 import android.webkit.WebStorage;
 import android.webkit.WebView;
 import android.webkit.WebViewClient;
@@ -120,7 +124,7 @@ import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.DownloadLocationPermissionDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.EditBookmarkFolderDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.HttpAuthenticationDialog;
-import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog;
+import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.PinnedMismatchDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.UrlHistoryDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.dialogs.ViewSslCertificateDialog;
 import com.stoutner.privacybrowser.helpers.AdHelper;
@@ -136,10 +140,13 @@ import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 import java.io.File;
 import java.io.IOException;
 import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
+import java.lang.ref.WeakReference;
+import java.net.InetAddress;
 import java.net.MalformedURLException;
 import java.net.URL;
 import java.net.URLDecoder;
 import java.net.URLEncoder;
+import java.net.UnknownHostException;
 import java.util.ArrayList;
 import java.util.Date;
 import java.util.HashMap;
@@ -152,7 +159,7 @@ import java.util.Set;
 public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBookmarkDialog.CreateBookmarkListener, CreateBookmarkFolderDialog.CreateBookmarkFolderListener,
         CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog.CreateHomeScreenShortcutListener, DownloadFileDialog.DownloadFileListener, DownloadImageDialog.DownloadImageListener,
         DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DownloadLocationPermissionDialogListener, EditBookmarkDialog.EditBookmarkListener, EditBookmarkFolderDialog.EditBookmarkFolderListener,
-        HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog.PinnedSslCertificateMismatchListener,
+        HttpAuthenticationDialog.HttpAuthenticationListener, NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, PinnedMismatchDialog.PinnedMismatchListener,
         SslCertificateErrorDialog.SslCertificateErrorListener, UrlHistoryDialog.UrlHistoryListener {
 
     // `darkTheme` is public static so it can be accessed from everywhere.
@@ -166,15 +173,22 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     public static Bitmap favoriteIconBitmap;
 
-    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `BookmarksActivity`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, and `AddDomainDialog`.
-    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, and `loadUrlFromTextBox()`.
+    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
+    public static Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
+
+    // `formattedUrlString` is public static so it can be accessed from `AddDomainDialog`, `BookmarksActivity`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `CreateBookmarkDialog`, and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
+    // It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onCreateHomeScreenShortcutCreate()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String formattedUrlString;
 
-    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`,
-    // and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
+    // `sslCertificate` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainsActivity`, `DomainsListFragment`, `DomainSettingsFragment`, `PinnedMismatchDialog`, and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
+    // It is also used in `onCreate()`.
     public static SslCertificate sslCertificate;
 
-    // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
+    // `currentHostIpAddresses` is public static so it can be accessed from `DomainSettingsFragment` and `ViewSslCertificateDialog`.
+    // It is also used in `onCreate()` and `GetHostIpAddresses()`.
+    public static String currentHostIpAddresses;
+
+    // `orbotStatus` is public static so it can be accessed from `OrbotProxyHelper`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     public static String orbotStatus;
 
     // `webViewTitle` is public static so it can be accessed from `CreateBookmarkDialog` and `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`.
@@ -254,18 +268,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`, and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     public static String currentBookmarksFolder;
 
-    // `domainSettingsDatabaseId` is public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    // `domainSettingsDatabaseId` is public static so it can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  It is also used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     public static int domainSettingsDatabaseId;
 
-    // The pinned domain SSL Certificate variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString;
-    public static String pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslStartDate;
-    public static Date pinnedDomainSslEndDate;
+    // The pinned variables are public static so they can be accessed from `PinnedMismatchDialog`.  They are also used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToCName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToOName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedToUName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByCName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByOName;
+    public static String pinnedSslIssuedByUName;
+    public static Date pinnedSslStartDate;
+    public static Date pinnedSslEndDate;
+    public static String pinnedHostIpAddresses;
 
     // The user agent constants are public static so they can be accessed from `SettingsFragment`, `DomainsActivity`, and `DomainSettingsFragment`.
     public final static int UNRECOGNIZED_USER_AGENT = -1;
@@ -276,15 +291,12 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     public final static int DOMAINS_CUSTOM_USER_AGENT = 13;
 
 
-    // `appBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `appBar` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private ActionBar appBar;
 
     // `navigatingHistory` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean navigatingHistory;
 
-    // `favoriteIconDefaultBitmap` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings`.
-    private Bitmap favoriteIconDefaultBitmap;
-
     // `drawerLayout` is used in `onCreate()`, `onNewIntent()`, `onBackPressed()`, and `onRestart()`.
     private DrawerLayout drawerLayout;
 
@@ -292,7 +304,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     private CoordinatorLayout rootCoordinatorLayout;
 
     // `mainWebView` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onRestart()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, `findPreviousOnPage()`,
-    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
+    // `findNextOnPage()`, `closeFindOnPage()`, `loadUrlFromTextBox()`, `onSslMismatchBack()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private WebView mainWebView;
 
     // `fullScreenVideoFrameLayout` is used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
@@ -331,13 +343,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `nightMode` is used in `onCreate()`, `onPrepareOptionsMenu()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and  `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean nightMode;
 
-    // `displayWebpageImagesBoolean` is used in `applyAppSettings()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean displayWebpageImagesBoolean;
-
-    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // 'homepage' is used in `onCreate()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private String homepage;
 
-    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `searchURL` is used in `loadURLFromTextBox()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private String searchURL;
 
     // `mainMenu` is used in `onCreateOptionsMenu()` and `updatePrivacyIcons()`.
@@ -371,7 +380,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `privacyBrowserRuntime` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
     private Runtime privacyBrowserRuntime;
 
-    // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `proxyThroughOrbot` is used in `onRestart()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `applyAppSettings()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean proxyThroughOrbot;
 
     // `incognitoModeEnabled` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
@@ -398,32 +407,35 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `displayingFullScreenVideo` is used in `onCreate()` and `onResume()`.
     private boolean displayingFullScreenVideo;
 
+    // `downloadWithExternalApp` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateContextMenu()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean downloadWithExternalApp;
+
     // `currentDomainName` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onNavigationItemSelected()`, `onAddDomain()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private String currentDomainName;
 
-    // `ignorePinnedSslCertificateForDomain` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslMismatchProceed()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean ignorePinnedSslCertificate;
+    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean pinnedSslCertificate;
+
+    // `pinnedIpAddress` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean pinnedIpAddresses;
+
+    // `ignorePinnedDomainInformation` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslMismatchProceed()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
+    private boolean ignorePinnedDomainInformation;
 
     // `orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver` is used in `onCreate()` and `onDestroy()`.
     private BroadcastReceiver orbotStatusBroadcastReceiver;
 
-    // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyAppSettings()`.
+    // `waitingForOrbot` is used in `onCreate()`, `onResume()`, and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
     private boolean waitingForOrbot;
 
-    // `domainSettingsApplied` is used in `prepareOptionsMenu()`, `applyDomainSettings()`, and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
+    // `domainSettingsApplied` is used in `prepareOptionsMenu()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean domainSettingsApplied;
 
     // `domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled` is used in `onOptionsItemSelected()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private Boolean domainSettingsJavaScriptEnabled;
 
-    // `displayWebpageImagesInt` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private int displayWebpageImagesInt;
-
-    // `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet` is used in `applyDomainSettings()` and `setDisplayWebpageImages()`.
-    private boolean onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet;
-
-    // `waitingForOrbotData` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyAppSettings()`.
-    private String waitingForOrbotHTMLString;
+    // `waitingForOrbotHtmlString` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyProxyThroughOrbot()`.
+    private String waitingForOrbotHtmlString;
 
     // `privateDataDirectoryString` is used in `onCreate()`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, and `onNavigationItemSelected()`.
     private String privateDataDirectoryString;
@@ -451,6 +463,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     private ForegroundColorSpan initialGrayColorSpan;
     private ForegroundColorSpan finalGrayColorSpan;
 
+    // The drawer header padding variables are used in `onCreate()` and `onConfigurationChanged()`.
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingTop;
+    private int drawerHeaderPaddingBottom;
+
     // `sslErrorHandler` is used in `onCreate()`, `onSslErrorCancel()`, and `onSslErrorProceed`.
     private SslErrorHandler sslErrorHandler;
 
@@ -466,9 +483,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `urlIsLoading` is used in `onCreate()`, `onCreateOptionsMenu()`, `loadUrl()`, and `applyDomainSettings()`.
     private boolean urlIsLoading;
 
-    // `pinnedDomainSslCertificate` is used in `onCreate()` and `applyDomainSettings()`.
-    private boolean pinnedDomainSslCertificate;
-
     // `bookmarksDatabaseHelper` is used in `onCreate()`, `onDestroy`, `onOptionsItemSelected()`, `onCreateBookmark()`, `onCreateBookmarkFolder()`, `onSaveEditBookmark()`, `onSaveEditBookmarkFolder()`,
     // and `loadBookmarksFolder()`.
     private BookmarksDatabaseHelper bookmarksDatabaseHelper;
@@ -511,7 +525,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // Remove Android Studio's warning about the dangers of using SetJavaScriptEnabled.  The whole premise of Privacy Browser is built around an understanding of these dangers.
     // Also, remove the warning about needing to override `performClick()` when using an `OnTouchListener` with `WebView`.
     @SuppressLint({"SetJavaScriptEnabled", "ClickableViewAccessibility"})
-    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
+    // Remove Android Studio's warning about deprecations.  The deprecated `getColor()` must be used until API >= 23.
     @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
         // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
@@ -539,6 +553,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Set the content view.
         setContentView(R.layout.main_drawerlayout);
 
+        // Get a handle for the resources.
+        Resources resources = getResources();
+
         // Get a handle for `inputMethodManager`.
         inputMethodManager = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
 
@@ -555,9 +572,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         appBar.setDisplayOptions(ActionBar.DISPLAY_SHOW_CUSTOM);
 
         // Initialize the foreground color spans for highlighting the URLs.  We have to use the deprecated `getColor()` until API >= 23.
-        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_a700));
-        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
-        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        redColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.red_a700));
+        initialGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
+        finalGrayColorSpan = new ForegroundColorSpan(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_500));
 
         // Get a handle for `urlTextBox`.
         urlTextBox = findViewById(R.id.url_edittext);
@@ -583,11 +600,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // If the event is a key-down event on the `enter` button, load the URL.
             if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
                 // Load the URL into the mainWebView and consume the event.
-                try {
-                    loadUrlFromTextBox();
-                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
-                    e.printStackTrace();
-                }
+                loadUrlFromTextBox();
+
                 // If the enter key was pressed, consume the event.
                 return true;
             } else {
@@ -597,7 +611,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         });
 
         // Set `waitingForOrbotHTMLString`.
-        waitingForOrbotHTMLString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
+        waitingForOrbotHtmlString = "<html><body><br/><center><h1>" + getString(R.string.waiting_for_orbot) + "</h1></center></body></html>";
 
         // Initialize `currentDomainName`, `orbotStatus`, and `waitingForOrbot`.
         currentDomainName = "";
@@ -643,15 +657,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Set the bookmarks drawer resources according to the theme.  This can't be done in the layout due to compatibility issues with the `DrawerLayout` support widget.
         if (darkTheme) {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.gray_850));
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_dark));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_dark));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_dark));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.gray_850));
         } else {
-            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
-            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
-            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
-            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
+            launchBookmarksActivityFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.bookmarks_light));
+            createBookmarkFolderFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_folder_light));
+            createBookmarkFab.setImageDrawable(resources.getDrawable(R.drawable.create_bookmark_light));
+            bookmarksListView.setBackgroundColor(resources.getColor(R.color.white));
         }
 
         // Set the launch bookmarks activity FAB to launch the bookmarks activity.
@@ -670,14 +684,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         createBookmarkFolderFab.setOnClickListener(v -> {
             // Show the `CreateBookmarkFolderDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_folder`.
             AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkFolderDialog = new CreateBookmarkFolderDialog();
-            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_folder));
+            createBookmarkFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.create_folder));
         });
 
         // Set the create new bookmark FAB to display an alert dialog.
         createBookmarkFab.setOnClickListener(view -> {
             // Show the `CreateBookmarkDialog` `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/create_bookmark`.
             AppCompatDialogFragment createBookmarkDialog = new CreateBookmarkDialog();
-            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
+            createBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.create_bookmark));
         });
 
         // Create a double-tap listener to toggle full-screen mode.
@@ -768,7 +782,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Update `findOnPageCountTextView`.
         mainWebView.setFindListener(new WebView.FindListener() {
             // Get a handle for `findOnPageCountTextView`.
-            final TextView findOnPageCountTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_count_textview);
+            final TextView findOnPageCountTextView = findViewById(R.id.find_on_page_count_textview);
 
             @Override
             public void onFindResultReceived(int activeMatchOrdinal, int numberOfMatches, boolean isDoneCounting) {
@@ -821,11 +835,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         });
 
-        // Implement swipe to refresh
-        swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swipe_refreshlayout);
-        swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_700);
+        // Implement swipe to refresh.
+        swipeRefreshLayout = findViewById(R.id.swiperefreshlayout);
         swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(() -> mainWebView.reload());
 
+        // Set the swipe to refresh color according to the theme.
+        if (darkTheme) {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_600);
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setProgressBackgroundColorSchemeResource(R.color.gray_850);
+        } else {
+            swipeRefreshLayout.setColorSchemeResources(R.color.blue_700);
+        }
+
         // `DrawerTitle` identifies the `DrawerLayouts` in accessibility mode.
         drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.START, getString(R.string.navigation_drawer));
         drawerLayout.setDrawerTitle(GravityCompat.END, getString(R.string.bookmarks));
@@ -841,8 +862,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         final MenuItem navigationHistoryMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(3);
         final MenuItem navigationRequestsMenuItem = navigationMenu.getItem(4);
 
-        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  `this` specifies the context.  The two `nulls` do not specify the database name or a `CursorFactory`.
-        // The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
+        // Initialize the bookmarks database helper.  The `0` specifies a database version, but that is ignored and set instead using a constant in `BookmarksDatabaseHelper`.
         bookmarksDatabaseHelper = new BookmarksDatabaseHelper(this, null, null, 0);
 
         // Initialize `currentBookmarksFolder`.  `""` is the home folder in the database.
@@ -856,7 +876,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             int databaseID = (int) id;
 
             // Get the bookmark cursor for this ID and move it to the first row.
-            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarkCursor(databaseID);
+            Cursor bookmarkCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmark(databaseID);
             bookmarkCursor.moveToFirst();
 
             // Act upon the bookmark according to the type.
@@ -891,18 +911,30 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Show the edit bookmark folder `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_folder`.
                 AppCompatDialogFragment editFolderDialog = EditBookmarkFolderDialog.folderDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_folder));
+                editFolderDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.edit_folder));
             } else {
                 // Show the edit bookmark `AlertDialog` and name the instance `@string/edit_bookmark`.
                 AppCompatDialogFragment editBookmarkDialog = EditBookmarkDialog.bookmarkDatabaseId(databaseId);
-                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getResources().getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
+                editBookmarkDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), resources.getString(R.string.edit_bookmark));
             }
 
             // Consume the event.
             return true;
         });
 
-        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = resources.getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = resources.getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = resources.getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Calculate the drawer header padding.  This is used to move the text in the drawer headers below any cutouts.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // The drawer listener is used to update the navigation menu.`
         drawerLayout.addDrawerListener(new DrawerLayout.DrawerListener() {
             @Override
             public void onDrawerSlide(@NonNull View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
@@ -919,6 +951,20 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             @Override
             public void onDrawerStateChanged(int newState) {
                 if ((newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_SETTLING) || (newState == DrawerLayout.STATE_DRAGGING)) {  // A drawer is opening or closing.
+                    // Get handles for the drawer headers.
+                    TextView navigationHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.navigationText);
+                    TextView bookmarksHeaderTextView = findViewById(R.id.bookmarks_title_textview);
+
+                    // Apply the navigation header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (navigationHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        navigationHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
+
+                    // Apply the bookmarks header paddings if the view is not null (sometimes it is null if another activity has already started).  This moves the text in the header below any cutouts.
+                    if (bookmarksHeaderTextView != null) {
+                        bookmarksHeaderTextView.setPadding(drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingTop, drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight, drawerHeaderPaddingBottom);
+                    }
+
                     // Update the back, forward, history, and requests menu items.
                     navigationBackMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoBack());
                     navigationForwardMenuItem.setEnabled(mainWebView.canGoForward());
@@ -928,8 +974,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Hide the keyboard (if displayed).
                     inputMethodManager.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mainWebView.getWindowToken(), 0);
 
-                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box.
+                    // Clear the focus from from the URL text box and the WebView.  This removes any text selection markers and context menus, which otherwise draw above the open drawers.
                     urlTextBox.clearFocus();
+                    mainWebView.clearFocus();
                 }
             }
         });
@@ -948,17 +995,17 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 if (nightMode) {
                     // `background-color: #212121` sets the background to be dark gray.  `color: #BDBDBD` sets the text color to be light gray.  `box-shadow: none` removes a lower underline on links
                     // used by WordPress.  `text-decoration: none` removes all text underlines.  `text-shadow: none` removes text shadows, which usually have a hard coded color.
-                    // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.
-                    // `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.  `!important` takes precedent over any existing sub-settings.
+                    // `border: none` removes all borders, which can also be used to underline text.  `a {color: #1565C0}` sets links to be a dark blue.
+                    // `::selection {background: #0D47A1}' sets the text selection highlight color to be a dark blue. `!important` takes precedent over any existing sub-settings.
                     mainWebView.evaluateJavascript("(function() {var parent = document.getElementsByTagName('head').item(0); var style = document.createElement('style'); style.type = 'text/css'; " +
                             "style.innerHTML = '* {background-color: #212121 !important; color: #BDBDBD !important; box-shadow: none !important; text-decoration: none !important;" +
-                            "text-shadow: none !important; border: none !important;} a {color: #1565C0 !important;}'; parent.appendChild(style)})()", value -> {
+                            "text-shadow: none !important; border: none !important;} a {color: #1565C0 !important;} ::selection {background: #0D47A1 !important;}'; parent.appendChild(style)})()", value -> {
                                 // Initialize a handler to display `mainWebView`.
                                 Handler displayWebViewHandler = new Handler();
 
                                 // Setup a runnable to display `mainWebView` after a delay to allow the CSS to be applied.
                                 Runnable displayWebViewRunnable = () -> {
-                                    // Only display `mainWebView` if the progress bar is one.  This prevents the display of the `WebView` while it is still loading.
+                                    // Only display `mainWebView` if the progress bar is gone.  This prevents the display of the `WebView` while it is still loading.
                                     if (progressBar.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
                                         mainWebView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                                     }
@@ -1147,32 +1194,37 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
         // Allow the downloading of files.
         mainWebView.setDownloadListener((String url, String userAgent, String contentDisposition, String mimetype, long contentLength) -> {
-            // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                downloadUrl = url;
-                downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
-                downloadContentLength = contentLength;
-
-                // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                    // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                    DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
-
-                    // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                    downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                    // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                    ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                }
-            } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
-                // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
+            // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+            if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                openUrlWithExternalApp(url);
+            } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
+                if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission has not been granted.
+                    // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
+
+                    // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                    downloadUrl = url;
+                    downloadContentDisposition = contentDisposition;
+                    downloadContentLength = contentLength;
+
+                    // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                    if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                        // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                        DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+
+                        // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                        downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                    } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                        // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                        ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                    }
+                } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                    // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                    AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(url, contentDisposition, contentLength);
 
-                // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                    // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                    downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                }
             }
         });
 
@@ -1182,10 +1234,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Hide zoom controls.
         mainWebView.getSettings().setDisplayZoomControls(false);
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
+        // Don't allow mixed content (HTTP and HTTPS) on the same website.
+        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
+            mainWebView.getSettings().setMixedContentMode(WebSettings.MIXED_CONTENT_NEVER_ALLOW);
+        }
+
+        // Set the WebView to use a wide viewport.  Otherwise, some web pages will be scrunched and some content will render outside the screen.
         mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
 
-        // Set `mainWebView` to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
+        // Set the WebView to load in overview mode (zoomed out to the maximum width).
         mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadWithOverviewMode(true);
 
         // Explicitly disable geolocation.
@@ -1200,17 +1257,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Initialize the default preference values the first time the program is run.  `false` keeps this command from resetting any current preferences back to default.
         PreferenceManager.setDefaultValues(this, R.xml.preferences, false);
 
-        // Get the intent that started the app.
-        final Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
-
-        // Extract the launching intent data as `launchingIntentUriData`.
-        final Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
-
-        // Convert the launching intent URI data (if it exists) to a string and store it in `formattedUrlString`.
-        if (launchingIntentUriData != null) {
-            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
-        }
-
         // Get a handle for the `Runtime`.
         privacyBrowserRuntime = Runtime.getRuntime();
 
@@ -1247,8 +1293,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         }
 
         // Initialize the user agent array adapter and string array.
-        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.domain_settings_spinner_item);
-        userAgentDataArray = getResources().getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
+        userAgentNamesArray = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this, R.array.user_agent_names, R.layout.spinner_item);
+        userAgentDataArray = resources.getStringArray(R.array.user_agent_data);
 
         // Apply the app settings from the shared preferences.
         applyAppSettings();
@@ -1287,10 +1333,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     formattedUrlString = "";
 
                     // Apply the domain settings for the new URL.  `applyDomainSettings` doesn't do anything if the domain has not changed.
-                    applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+                    boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
 
-                    // Returning false causes the current WebView to handle the URL and prevents it from adding redirects to the history list.
-                    return false;
+                    // Check if the user agent has changed.
+                    if (userAgentChanged) {
+                        // Manually load the URL.  The changing of the user agent will cause WebView to reload the previous URL.
+                        mainWebView.loadUrl(url, customHeaders);
+
+                        // Returning true indicates that Privacy Browser is manually handling the loading of the URL.
+                        return true;
+                    } else {
+                        // Returning false causes the current WebView to handle the URL and prevents it from adding redirects to the history list.
+                        return false;
+                    }
                 } else if (url.startsWith("mailto:")) {  // Load the email address in an external email program.
                     // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
                     Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
@@ -1552,6 +1607,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Update the URL in urlTextBox when the page starts to load.
             @Override
             public void onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) {
+                // Reset the list of host IP addresses.
+                currentHostIpAddresses = "";
+
                 // Reset the list of resource requests.
                 resourceRequests.clear();
 
@@ -1574,7 +1632,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Check to see if Privacy Browser is waiting on Orbot.
                 if (!waitingForOrbot) {  // We are not waiting on Orbot, so we need to process the URL.
-                    // We need to update `formattedUrlString` at the beginning of the load, so that if the user toggles JavaScript during the load the new website is reloaded.
+                    // The formatted URL string must be updated at the beginning of the load, so that if the user toggles JavaScript during the load the new website is reloaded.
                     formattedUrlString = url;
 
                     // Display the formatted URL text.
@@ -1583,13 +1641,24 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     // Apply text highlighting to `urlTextBox`.
                     highlightUrlText();
 
+                    // Get a URI for the current URL.
+                    Uri currentUri = Uri.parse(formattedUrlString);
+
+                    // Get the IP addresses for the host.
+                    new GetHostIpAddresses(activity).execute(currentUri.getHost());
+
                     // Apply any custom domain settings if the URL was loaded by navigating history.
                     if (navigatingHistory) {
+                        // Apply the domain settings.
+                        boolean userAgentChanged = applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+
                         // Reset `navigatingHistory`.
                         navigatingHistory = false;
 
-                        // Apply the domain settings.
-                        applyDomainSettings(url, true, false);
+                        // Manually load the URL if the user agent has changed, which will have caused the previous URL to be reloaded.
+                        if (userAgentChanged) {
+                            loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+                        }
                     }
 
                     // Set `urlIsLoading` to `true`, so that redirects while loading do not trigger changes in the user agent, which forces another reload of the existing page.
@@ -1617,7 +1686,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
                 // Reset the wide view port if it has been turned off by the waiting for Orbot message.
                 if (!waitingForOrbot) {
-                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(true);
+                    // Only use a wide view port if the URL starts with `http`, not for `file://` and `content://`.
+                    mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(url.startsWith("http"));
                 }
 
                 // Flush any cookies to persistent storage.  `CookieManager` has become very lazy about flushing cookies in recent versions.
@@ -1664,7 +1734,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     }
                 }
 
-                // Update `urlTextBox` and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
+                // Update the URL text box and apply domain settings if not waiting on Orbot.
                 if (!waitingForOrbot) {
                     // Check to see if `WebView` has set `url` to be `about:blank`.
                     if (url.equals("about:blank")) {  // `WebView` is blank, so `formattedUrlString` should be `""` and `urlTextBox` should display a hint.
@@ -1682,10 +1752,10 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         // Apply the domain settings.  This clears any settings from the previous domain.
                         applyDomainSettings(formattedUrlString, true, false);
                     } else {  // `WebView` has loaded a webpage.
-                        // Set `formattedUrlString`.
-                        formattedUrlString = url;
+                        // Set the formatted URL string.  Getting the URL from the WebView instead of using the one provided by `onPageFinished` makes websites like YouTube function correctly.
+                        formattedUrlString = mainWebView.getUrl();
 
-                        // Only update `urlTextBox` if the user is not typing in it.
+                        // Only update the URL text box if the user is not typing in it.
                         if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
                             // Display the formatted URL text.
                             urlTextBox.setText(formattedUrlString);
@@ -1695,11 +1765,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         }
                     }
 
-                    // Store the SSL certificate so it can be accessed from `ViewSslCertificateDialog` and `PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog`.
+                    // Store the SSL certificate so it can be accessed from `ViewSslCertificateDialog` and `PinnedMismatchDialog`.
                     sslCertificate = mainWebView.getCertificate();
 
-                    // Check the current website SSL certificate against the pinned SSL certificate if there is a pinned SSL certificate the user has not chosen to ignore it for this session.
-                    if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate && !ignorePinnedSslCertificate) {
+                    // Check the current website information against any pinned domain information.
+                    if ((pinnedSslCertificate || pinnedIpAddresses) && !ignorePinnedDomainInformation) {
                         // Initialize the current SSL certificate variables.
                         String currentWebsiteIssuedToCName = "";
                         String currentWebsiteIssuedToOName = "";
@@ -1723,11 +1793,11 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             currentWebsiteSslEndDate = sslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
                         }
 
-                        // Initialize `String` variables to store the SSL certificate dates.  `Strings` are needed to compare the values below, which doesn't work with `Dates` if they are `null`.
+                        // Initialize string variables to store the SSL certificate dates.  Strings are needed to compare the values below, which doesn't work with `Dates` if they are `null`.
                         String currentWebsiteSslStartDateString = "";
                         String currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = "";
-                        String pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = "";
+                        String pinnedSslStartDateString = "";
+                        String pinnedSslEndDateString = "";
 
                         // Convert the `Dates` to `Strings` if they are not `null`.
                         if (currentWebsiteSslStartDate != null) {
@@ -1738,23 +1808,26 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                             currentWebsiteSslEndDateString = currentWebsiteSslEndDate.toString();
                         }
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslStartDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslStartDateString = pinnedDomainSslStartDate.toString();
+                        if (pinnedSslStartDate != null) {
+                            pinnedSslStartDateString = pinnedSslStartDate.toString();
                         }
 
-                        if (pinnedDomainSslEndDate != null) {
-                            pinnedDomainSslEndDateString = pinnedDomainSslEndDate.toString();
+                        if (pinnedSslEndDate != null) {
+                            pinnedSslEndDateString = pinnedSslEndDate.toString();
                         }
 
-                        // Check to see if the pinned SSL certificate matches the current website certificate.
-                        if (!currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) ||
-                                !currentWebsiteSslStartDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDateString) || !currentWebsiteSslEndDateString.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDateString)) {
-                            // The pinned SSL certificate doesn't match the current domain certificate.
-                            //Display the pinned SSL certificate mismatch `AlertDialog`.
-                            AppCompatDialogFragment pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment = new PinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialog();
-                            pinnedSslCertificateMismatchDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.ssl_certificate_mismatch));
+                        // Check to see if the pinned information matches the current information.
+                        if ((pinnedIpAddresses && !currentHostIpAddresses.equals(pinnedHostIpAddresses)) || (pinnedSslCertificate && (!currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToCName) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToOName) || !currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToUName) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByCName) || !currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByOName) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByUName) || !currentWebsiteSslStartDateString.equals(pinnedSslStartDateString) ||
+                                !currentWebsiteSslEndDateString.equals(pinnedSslEndDateString)))) {
+
+                            // Get a handle for the pinned mismatch alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment pinnedMismatchDialogFragment = PinnedMismatchDialog.displayDialog(pinnedSslCertificate, pinnedIpAddresses);
+
+                            // Show the pinned mismatch alert dialog.
+                            pinnedMismatchDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.pinned_mismatch));
                         }
                     }
                 }
@@ -1777,13 +1850,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 Date currentWebsiteSslEndDate = currentWebsiteSslCertificate.getValidNotAfterDate();
 
                 // Proceed to the website if the current SSL website certificate matches the pinned domain certificate.
-                if (pinnedDomainSslCertificate &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString) && currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString) &&
-                        currentWebsiteSslStartDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslStartDate) && currentWebsiteSslEndDate.equals(pinnedDomainSslEndDate)) {
-                    // An SSL certificate is pinned and matches the current domain certificate.
-                    // Proceed to the website without displaying an error.
+                if (pinnedSslCertificate &&
+                        currentWebsiteIssuedToCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToCName) && currentWebsiteIssuedToOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToOName) &&
+                        currentWebsiteIssuedToUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedToUName) && currentWebsiteIssuedByCName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByCName) &&
+                        currentWebsiteIssuedByOName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByOName) && currentWebsiteIssuedByUName.equals(pinnedSslIssuedByUName) &&
+                        currentWebsiteSslStartDate.equals(pinnedSslStartDate) && currentWebsiteSslEndDate.equals(pinnedSslEndDate)) {
+
+                    // An SSL certificate is pinned and matches the current domain certificate.  Proceed to the website without displaying an error.
                     handler.proceed();
                 } else {  // Either there isn't a pinned SSL certificate or it doesn't match the current website certificate.
                     // Store `handler` so it can be accesses from `onSslErrorCancel()` and `onSslErrorProceed()`.
@@ -1796,6 +1869,32 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
         });
 
+        // Get the intent that started the app.
+        Intent launchingIntent = getIntent();
+
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String launchingIntentAction = launchingIntent.getAction();
+        Uri launchingIntentUriData = launchingIntent.getData();
+
+        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+        if ((launchingIntentAction != null) && launchingIntentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+            // Create an encoded URL string.
+            String encodedUrlString;
+
+            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(launchingIntent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
+
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        } else if (launchingIntentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+            // Set the formatted URL string.
+            formattedUrlString = launchingIntentUriData.toString();
+        }
+
         // Load the website if not waiting for Orbot to connect.
         if (!waitingForOrbot) {
             loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
@@ -1807,27 +1906,44 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Sets the new intent as the activity intent, so that any future `getIntent()`s pick up this one instead of creating a new activity.
         setIntent(intent);
 
-        // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
-        if (intent.getData() != null) {
-            // Get the intent data.
-            final Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
+        // Get the information from the intent.
+        String intentAction = intent.getAction();
+        Uri intentUriData = intent.getData();
 
-            // Load the website.
-            loadUrl(intentUriData.toString());
+        // If the intent action is a web search, perform the search.
+        if ((intentAction != null) && intentAction.equals(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH)) {
+            // Create an encoded URL string.
+            String encodedUrlString;
 
-            // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
             }
 
-            // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
-            if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
-                drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
-            }
+            // Add the base search URL.
+            formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
+        } else if (intentUriData != null){  // Check to see if the intent contains a new URL.
+            // Set the formatted URL string.
+            formattedUrlString = intentUriData.toString();
+        }
+
+        // Load the URL.
+        loadUrl(formattedUrlString);
+
+        // Close the navigation drawer if it is open.
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.START)) {
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.START);
+        }
 
-            // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
-            mainWebView.requestFocus();
+        // Close the bookmarks drawer if it is open.
+        if (drawerLayout.isDrawerVisible(GravityCompat.END)) {
+            drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
         }
+
+        // Clear the keyboard if displayed and remove the focus on the urlTextBar if it has it.
+        mainWebView.requestFocus();
     }
 
     @Override
@@ -1923,7 +2039,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
 
             // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-            mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHTMLString, "text/html", null);
+            mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
         }
 
         if (displayingFullScreenVideo) {
@@ -2060,6 +2176,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         MenuItem swipeToRefreshMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.swipe_to_refresh);
         MenuItem displayImagesMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.display_images);
         MenuItem nightModeMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.night_mode);
+        MenuItem proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.proxy_through_orbot);
 
         // Set the text for the domain menu item.
         if (domainSettingsApplied) {
@@ -2082,6 +2199,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         swipeToRefreshMenuItem.setChecked(swipeRefreshLayout.isEnabled());
         displayImagesMenuItem.setChecked(mainWebView.getSettings().getLoadsImagesAutomatically());
         nightModeMenuItem.setChecked(nightMode);
+        proxyThroughOrbotMenuItem.setChecked(proxyThroughOrbot);
 
         // Enable third-party cookies if first-party cookies are enabled.
         toggleThirdPartyCookiesMenuItem.setEnabled(firstPartyCookiesEnabled);
@@ -2452,19 +2570,27 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                                         WebStorage webStorage = WebStorage.getInstance();
                                         webStorage.deleteAllData();
 
-                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
-                                        try {
-                                            // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[] {"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
-
-                                            // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
-                                            privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
-                                        } catch (IOException e) {
-                                            // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
-                                        }
+                                        // Initialize a handler to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                        Handler deleteDomStorageHandler = new Handler();
+
+                                        // Setup a runnable to manually delete the DOM storage files and directories.
+                                        Runnable deleteDomStorageRunnable = () -> {
+                                            try {
+                                                // A `String[]` must be used because the directory contains a space and `Runtime.exec` will otherwise not escape the string correctly.
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec(new String[]{"rm", "-rf", privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/Local Storage/"});
+
+                                                // Multiple commands must be used because `Runtime.exec()` does not like `*`.
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/IndexedDB");
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager");
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -f " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/QuotaManager-journal");
+                                                privacyBrowserRuntime.exec("rm -rf " + privateDataDirectoryString + "/app_webview/databases");
+                                            } catch (IOException e) {
+                                                // Do nothing if an error is thrown.
+                                            }
+                                        };
+
+                                        // Manually delete the DOM storage files after 200 milliseconds.
+                                        deleteDomStorageHandler.postDelayed(deleteDomStorageRunnable, 200);
                                 }
                             }
                         })
@@ -2715,9 +2841,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 } else {  // Images are not currently loaded automatically.
                     mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
                 }
-
-                // Set `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet`.
-                onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet = true;
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.night_mode:
@@ -2736,7 +2859,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
                     // Get the JavaScript preference.
-                    javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript_enabled", false);
+                    javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
                 }
 
                 // Apply the JavaScript setting to the WebView.
@@ -2749,26 +2872,6 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 mainWebView.reload();
                 return true;
 
-            case R.id.view_source:
-                // Launch the View Source activity.
-                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
-                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
-                return true;
-
-            case R.id.share:
-                // Setup the share string.
-                String shareString = webViewTitle + " – " + urlTextBox.getText().toString();
-
-                // Create the share intent.
-                Intent shareIntent = new Intent();
-                shareIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
-                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
-                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
-
-                // Make it so.
-                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, "Share URL"));
-                return true;
-
             case R.id.find_on_page:
                 // Hide the URL app bar.
                 supportAppBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
@@ -2787,6 +2890,25 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 }, 200);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.view_source:
+                // Launch the View Source activity.
+                Intent viewSourceIntent = new Intent(this, ViewSourceActivity.class);
+                startActivity(viewSourceIntent);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.share_url:
+                // Setup the share string.
+                String shareString = webViewTitle + " – " + urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+
+                // Create the share intent.
+                Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
+                shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);
+                shareIntent.setType("text/plain");
+
+                // Make it so.
+                startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, getString(R.string.share_url)));
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.print:
                 // Get a `PrintManager` instance.
                 PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager) getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
@@ -2801,12 +2923,28 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 printManager.print(getString(R.string.privacy_browser_web_page), printDocumentAdapter, null);
                 return true;
 
+            case R.id.open_with_app:
+                openWithApp(formattedUrlString);
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.open_with_browser:
+                openWithBrowser(formattedUrlString);
+                return true;
+
             case R.id.add_to_homescreen:
-                // Show the `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` `AlertDialog` and name this instance `R.string.create_shortcut`.
+                // Show the alert dialog.
                 AppCompatDialogFragment createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment = new CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog();
                 createHomeScreenShortcutDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.create_shortcut));
 
-                //Everything else will be handled by `CreateHomeScreenShortcutDialog` and the associated listener below.
+                //Everything else will be handled by the alert dialog and the associated listener below.
+                return true;
+
+            case R.id.proxy_through_orbot:
+                // Toggle the proxy through Orbot variable.
+                proxyThroughOrbot = !proxyThroughOrbot;
+
+                // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+                applyProxyThroughOrbot(true);
                 return true;
 
             case R.id.refresh:
@@ -3074,7 +3212,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
         super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
 
-        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if we not in full screen mode.
+        // Get the status bar pixel size.
+        int statusBarResourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
+        int statusBarPixelSize = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(statusBarResourceId);
+
+        // Get the resource density.
+        float screenDensity = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
+
+        // Recalculate the drawer header padding.
+        drawerHeaderPaddingLeftAndRight = (int) (15 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingTop = statusBarPixelSize + (int) (4 * screenDensity);
+        drawerHeaderPaddingBottom = (int) (8 * screenDensity);
+
+        // Reload the ad for the free flavor if not in full screen mode.
         if (BuildConfig.FLAVOR.contentEquals("free") && !inFullScreenBrowsingMode) {
             // Reload the ad.  The AdView is destroyed and recreated, which changes the ID, every time it is reloaded to handle possible rotations.
             AdHelper.loadAd(findViewById(R.id.adview), getApplicationContext(), getString(R.string.ad_unit_id));
@@ -3127,37 +3277,52 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Add a Download URL entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.download_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                        // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                        // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
-                        downloadUrl = linkUrl;
-                        downloadContentDisposition = "none";
-                        downloadContentLength = -1;
-
-                        // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                            // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
-                            DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
-
-                            // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
-                            downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                        } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                            // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                        // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
-                        AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(linkUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the variables for future use by `onRequestPermissionsResult()`.
+                            downloadUrl = linkUrl;
+                            downloadContentDisposition = "none";
+                            downloadContentLength = -1;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_FILE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_FILE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_FILE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download file alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadFileDialogFragment = DownloadFileDialog.fromUrl(linkUrl, "none", -1);
 
-                        // Show the download file alert dialog.
-                        downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                            // Show the download file alert dialog.
+                            downloadFileDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
                     }
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(linkUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add a Cancel entry, which by default closes the context menu.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
 
@@ -3168,9 +3333,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Set the target URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(linkUrl);
 
-                // Add a `Write Email` entry.
+                // Add a Write Email entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.write_email).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
-                    // We use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
+                    // Use `ACTION_SENDTO` instead of `ACTION_SEND` so that only email programs are launched.
                     Intent emailIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO);
 
                     // Parse the url and set it as the data for the `Intent`.
@@ -3184,7 +3349,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Copy Email Address` entry.
+                // Add a Copy Email Address entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.copy_email_address).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     // Save the email address in a `ClipData`.
                     ClipData srcEmailTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.email_address), linkUrl);
@@ -3206,43 +3371,46 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 // Set the image URL as the title of the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.setHeaderTitle(imageUrl);
 
-                // Add a `View Image` entry.
+                // Add a View Image entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.view_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     loadUrl(imageUrl);
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Download Image` entry.
+                // Add a Download Image entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                        // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                        // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                        downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
-
-                        // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                            // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                            DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
-
-                            // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                            downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                        } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                            // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                        // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                        AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
-                        // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                        downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
                     }
                     return false;
                 });
 
-                // Add a `Copy URL` entry.
+                // Add a Copy URL entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.copy_url).setOnMenuItemClickListener(item -> {
                     // Save the image URL in a `ClipData`.
                     ClipData srcImageTypeClipData = ClipData.newPlainText(getString(R.string.url), imageUrl);
@@ -3252,6 +3420,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
                 // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
@@ -3273,30 +3453,33 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Add a `Download Image` entry.
                 menu.add(R.string.download_image).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
-                    // Check to see if the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
-                        // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission needs to be requested.
-
-                        // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
-                        downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
-
-                        // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
-                        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
-                            // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
-                            DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
-
-                            // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
-                            downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
-                        } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
-                            // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
-                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
-                        }
-                    } else {  // The WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission has already been granted.
-                        // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
-                        AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
+                    // Check if the download should be processed by an external app.
+                    if (downloadWithExternalApp) {  // Download with an external app.
+                        openUrlWithExternalApp(imageUrl);
+                    } else {  // Download with Android's download manager.
+                        // Check to see if the storage permission has already been granted.
+                        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {  // The storage permission needs to be requested.
+                            // Store the image URL for use by `onRequestPermissionResult()`.
+                            downloadImageUrl = imageUrl;
+
+                            // Show a dialog if the user has previously denied the permission.
+                            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {  // Show a dialog explaining the request first.
+                                // Instantiate the download location permission alert dialog and set the download type to DOWNLOAD_IMAGE.
+                                DialogFragment downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment = DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.downloadType(DownloadLocationPermissionDialog.DOWNLOAD_IMAGE);
+
+                                // Show the download location permission alert dialog.  The permission will be requested when the dialog is closed.
+                                downloadLocationPermissionDialogFragment.show(getFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download_location));
+                            } else {  // Show the permission request directly.
+                                // Request the permission.  The download dialog will be launched by `onRequestPermissionResult().
+                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, DOWNLOAD_IMAGE_REQUEST_CODE);
+                            }
+                        } else {  // The storage permission has already been granted.
+                            // Get a handle for the download image alert dialog.
+                            AppCompatDialogFragment downloadImageDialogFragment = DownloadImageDialog.imageUrl(imageUrl);
 
-                        // Show the download image alert dialog.
-                        downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                            // Show the download image alert dialog.
+                            downloadImageDialogFragment.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), getString(R.string.download));
+                        }
                     }
                     return false;
                 });
@@ -3311,6 +3494,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     return false;
                 });
 
+                // Add an Open with App entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_app).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithApp(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
+                // Add an Open with Browser entry.
+                menu.add(R.string.open_with_browser).setOnMenuItemClickListener((MenuItem item) -> {
+                    openWithBrowser(imageUrl);
+                    return false;
+                });
+
                 // Add a `Cancel` entry, which by default closes the `ContextMenu`.
                 menu.add(R.string.cancel);
                 break;
@@ -3338,8 +3533,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Create the bookmark.
         bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createBookmark(bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, currentBookmarksFolder, newBookmarkDisplayOrder, favoriteIconByteArray);
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -3383,8 +3578,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         // Create the folder, which will be placed at the top of the `ListView`.
         bookmarksDatabaseHelper.createFolder(folderNameString, currentBookmarksFolder, folderIconByteArray);
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -3403,8 +3598,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         IconCompat favoriteIcon = IconCompat.createWithBitmap(favoriteIconBitmap);
 
         // Setup the shortcut intent.
-        Intent shortcutIntent = new Intent();
-        shortcutIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+        Intent shortcutIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
         shortcutIntent.setData(Uri.parse(formattedUrlString));
 
         // Create a shortcut info builder.  The shortcut name becomes the shortcut ID.
@@ -3599,8 +3793,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateBookmark(selectedBookmarkDatabaseId, bookmarkNameString, bookmarkUrlString, newFavoriteIconByteArray);
         }
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -3661,8 +3855,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             bookmarksDatabaseHelper.updateFolder(selectedFolderDatabaseId, oldFolderNameString, newFolderNameString, folderIconByteArray);
         }
 
-        // Update `bookmarksCursor` with the current contents of this folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        // Update the bookmarks cursor with the current contents of this folder.
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Update the `ListView`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter.changeCursor(bookmarksCursor);
@@ -3701,7 +3895,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onSslMismatchBack() {
+    public void onPinnedMismatchBack() {
         if (mainWebView.canGoBack()) {  // There is a back page in the history.
             // Reset the formatted URL string so the page will load correctly if blocking of third-party requests is enabled.
             formattedUrlString = "";
@@ -3718,9 +3912,9 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     }
 
     @Override
-    public void onSslMismatchProceed() {
-        // Do not check the pinned SSL certificate for this domain again until the domain changes.
-        ignorePinnedSslCertificate = true;
+    public void onPinnedMismatchProceed() {
+        // Do not check the pinned information for this domain again until the domain changes.
+        ignorePinnedDomainInformation = true;
     }
 
     @Override
@@ -3753,7 +3947,7 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 drawerLayout.closeDrawer(GravityCompat.END);
             } else {  // A subfolder is displayed.
                 // Place the former parent folder in `currentFolder`.
-                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+                currentBookmarksFolder = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getParentFolderName(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
                 // Load the new folder.
                 loadBookmarksFolder();
@@ -3784,14 +3978,18 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         }
     }
 
-    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
+    private void loadUrlFromTextBox() {
         // Get the text from urlTextBox and convert it to a string.  trim() removes white spaces from the beginning and end of the string.
         String unformattedUrlString = urlTextBox.getText().toString().trim();
 
         // Check to see if `unformattedUrlString` is a valid URL.  Otherwise, convert it into a search.
-        if ((Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches()) || (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://")) || (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://"))) {
-            // Add `https://` at the beginning if it is missing.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
-            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http")) {
+        if (unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+            // Load the entire content URL.
+            formattedUrlString = unformattedUrlString;
+        } else if (Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(unformattedUrlString).matches() || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http://") || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("https://")
+                || unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://")) {
+            // Add `https://` at the beginning if there is no protocol.  Otherwise the app will segfault.
+            if (!unformattedUrlString.startsWith("http") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("file://") && !unformattedUrlString.startsWith("content://")) {
                 unformattedUrlString = "https://" + unformattedUrlString;
             }
 
@@ -3806,24 +4004,36 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             }
 
             // The ternary operator (? :) makes sure that a null pointer exception is not thrown, which would happen if `.get` was called on a `null` value.
-            final String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
-            final String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
-            final String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
-            final String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
-            final String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
+            String scheme = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getProtocol() : null;
+            String authority = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getAuthority() : null;
+            String path = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getPath() : null;
+            String query = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getQuery() : null;
+            String fragment = unformattedUrl != null ? unformattedUrl.getRef() : null;
 
             // Build the URI.
             Uri.Builder formattedUri = new Uri.Builder();
             formattedUri.scheme(scheme).authority(authority).path(path).query(query).fragment(fragment);
 
             // Decode `formattedUri` as a `String` in `UTF-8`.
-            formattedUrlString = URLDecoder.decode(formattedUri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            try {
+                formattedUrlString = URLDecoder.decode(formattedUri.build().toString(), "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                // Load a blank string.
+                formattedUrlString = "";
+            }
         } else if (unformattedUrlString.isEmpty()){  // Load a blank web site.
             // Load a blank string.
             formattedUrlString = "";
         } else {  // Search for the contents of the URL box.
-            // Sanitize the search input and convert it to a search.
-            final String encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            // Create an encoded URL String.
+            String encodedUrlString;
+
+            // Sanitize the search input.
+            try {
+                encodedUrlString = URLEncoder.encode(unformattedUrlString, "UTF-8");
+            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException exception) {
+                encodedUrlString = "";
+            }
 
             // Add the base search URL.
             formattedUrlString = searchURL + encodedUrlString;
@@ -3882,87 +4092,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
         // Store the values from the shared preferences in variables.
-        String homepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", "https://searx.me/");
-        String torHomepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", "http://ulrn6sryqaifefld.onion/");
-        String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", "http://ulrn6sryqaifefld.onion/?q=");
-        String torSearchCustomURLString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", "");
-        String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", "https://searx.me/?q=");
-        String searchCustomURLString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", "");
         incognitoModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("incognito_mode", false);
         boolean doNotTrackEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("do_not_track", false);
         proxyThroughOrbot = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("proxy_through_orbot", false);
         fullScreenBrowsingModeEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("full_screen_browsing_mode", false);
         hideSystemBarsOnFullscreen = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("hide_system_bars", false);
         translucentNavigationBarOnFullscreen = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("translucent_navigation_bar", true);
-        displayWebpageImagesBoolean = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
-
-        // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
-        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
-            // Set `torHomepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = torHomepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
-            // Set the search URL.
-            if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
-                searchURL = torSearchCustomURLString;
-            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
-                searchURL = torSearchString;
-            }
-
-            // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
-            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
-
-            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.  `this` refers to the context.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
-            } else {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
-            }
-
-            // Display a message to the user if waiting for Orbot.
-            if (!orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {
-                // Set `waitingForOrbot`.
-                waitingForOrbot = true;
-
-                // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
-
-                // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
-                mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHTMLString, "text/html", null);
-            }
-        } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
-            // Set `homepageString` as `homepage`.
-            homepage = homepageString;
-
-            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
-            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
-                formattedUrlString = homepage;
-            }
-
-            // Set the search URL.
-            if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
-                searchURL = searchCustomURLString;
-            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
-                searchURL = searchString;
-            }
-
-            // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
-            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
-
-            // Set the default `appBar` background.  `this` refers to the context.
-            if (darkTheme) {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
-            } else {
-                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
-            }
+        downloadWithExternalApp = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("download_with_external_app", false);
 
-            // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
-            waitingForOrbot = false;
-        }
+        // Apply the proxy through Orbot settings.
+        applyProxyThroughOrbot(false);
 
         // Set Do Not Track status.
         if (doNotTrackEnabled) {
@@ -4035,7 +4174,13 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
     // `reloadWebsite` is used if returning from the Domains activity.  Otherwise JavaScript might not function correctly if it is newly enabled.
     // The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
     @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
-    private void applyDomainSettings(String url, boolean resetFavoriteIcon, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+    private boolean applyDomainSettings(String url, boolean resetFavoriteIcon, boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Get the current user agent.
+        String initialUserAgent = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+        // Initialize a variable to track if the user agent changes.
+        boolean userAgentChanged = false;
+
         // Parse the URL into a URI.
         Uri uri = Uri.parse(url);
 
@@ -4064,8 +4209,8 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             // Set the new `hostname` as the `currentDomainName`.
             currentDomainName = hostName;
 
-            // Reset `ignorePinnedSslCertificate`.
-            ignorePinnedSslCertificate = false;
+            // Reset the ignoring of pinned domain information.
+            ignorePinnedDomainInformation = false;
 
             // Reset the favorite icon if specified.
             if (resetFavoriteIcon) {
@@ -4126,13 +4271,14 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
             // Store the general preference information.
-            String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("default_font_size", "100");
-            String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", "Privacy Browser");
-            defaultCustomUserAgentString = sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", "PrivacyBrowser/1.0");
+            String defaultFontSizeString = sharedPreferences.getString("font_size", getString(R.string.font_size_default_value));
+            String defaultUserAgentName = sharedPreferences.getString("user_agent", getString(R.string.user_agent_default_value));
+            defaultCustomUserAgentString = sharedPreferences.getString("custom_user_agent", getString(R.string.custom_user_agent_default_value));
             boolean defaultSwipeToRefresh = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("swipe_to_refresh", true);
             nightMode = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("night_mode", false);
+            boolean displayWebpageImages = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("display_webpage_images", true);
 
-            if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // The url we are loading has custom domain settings.
+            if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // The url has custom domain settings.
                 // Get a cursor for the current host and move it to the first position.
                 Cursor currentHostDomainSettingsCursor = domainsDatabaseHelper.getCursorForDomainName(domainNameInDatabase);
                 currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.moveToFirst();
@@ -4155,14 +4301,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 int fontSize = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.FONT_SIZE));
                 int swipeToRefreshInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH));
                 int nightModeInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE));
-                displayWebpageImagesInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
-                pinnedDomainSslCertificate = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                int displayWebpageImagesInt = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_IMAGES));
+                pinnedSslCertificate = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_SSL_CERTIFICATE)) == 1);
+                pinnedSslIssuedToCName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_COMMON_NAME));
+                pinnedSslIssuedToOName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATION));
+                pinnedSslIssuedToUName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_TO_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                pinnedSslIssuedByCName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_COMMON_NAME));
+                pinnedSslIssuedByOName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATION));
+                pinnedSslIssuedByUName = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_ISSUED_BY_ORGANIZATIONAL_UNIT));
+                pinnedIpAddresses = (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getInt(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.PINNED_IP_ADDRESSES)) == 1);
+                pinnedHostIpAddresses = currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getString(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.IP_ADDRESSES));
 
                 // Set `nightMode` according to `nightModeInt`.  If `nightModeInt` is `DomainsDatabaseHelper.NIGHT_MODE_SYSTEM_DEFAULT` the current setting from `sharedPreferences` will be used.
                 switch (nightModeInt) {
@@ -4185,16 +4333,16 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                 // Set the pinned SSL certificate start date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0.
                 if (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)) == 0) {
-                    pinnedDomainSslStartDate = null;
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = null;
                 } else {
-                    pinnedDomainSslStartDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
+                    pinnedSslStartDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_START_DATE)));
                 }
 
                 // Set the pinned SSL certificate end date to `null` if the saved date `long` is 0.
                 if (currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)) == 0) {
-                    pinnedDomainSslEndDate = null;
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = null;
                 } else {
-                    pinnedDomainSslEndDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
+                    pinnedSslEndDate = new Date(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getLong(currentHostDomainSettingsCursor.getColumnIndex(DomainsDatabaseHelper.SSL_END_DATE)));
                 }
 
                 // Close `currentHostDomainSettingsCursor`.
@@ -4271,25 +4419,43 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                         }
                     }
 
-                    // Set swipe to refresh.
-                    switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
-                        case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
-                            // Set swipe to refresh according to the default.
-                            swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
-                            break;
+                    // Store the applied user agent string, which is used in the View Source activity.
+                    appliedUserAgentString = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
 
-                        case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
-                            // Enable swipe to refresh.
-                            swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
-                            break;
+                    // Update the user agent change tracker.
+                    userAgentChanged = !appliedUserAgentString.equals(initialUserAgent);
+                }
 
-                        case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
-                            // Disable swipe to refresh.
-                            swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
-                    }
+                // Set swipe to refresh.
+                switch (swipeToRefreshInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        // Set swipe to refresh according to the default.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(defaultSwipeToRefresh);
+                        break;
 
-                    // Store the applied user agent string, which is used in the View Source activity.
-                    appliedUserAgentString = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_ENABLED:
+                        // Enable swipe to refresh.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.SWIPE_TO_REFRESH_DISABLED:
+                        // Disable swipe to refresh.
+                        swipeRefreshLayout.setEnabled(false);
+                }
+
+                // Set the loading of webpage images.
+                switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
+                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
+                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
+                        break;
+
+                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
+                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
+                        break;
                 }
 
                 // Set a green background on `urlTextBox` to indicate that custom domain settings are being used.  We have to use the deprecated `.getDrawable()` until the minimum API >= 21.
@@ -4300,15 +4466,15 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                 }
             } else {  // The new URL does not have custom domain settings.  Load the defaults.
                 // Store the values from `sharedPreferences` in variables.
-                javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript_enabled", false);
-                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies_enabled", false);
-                thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies_enabled", false);
-                domStorageEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage_enabled", false);
-                saveFormDataEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data_enabled", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
+                javaScriptEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("javascript", false);
+                firstPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("first_party_cookies", false);
+                thirdPartyCookiesEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("third_party_cookies", false);
+                domStorageEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("dom_storage", false);
+                saveFormDataEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("save_form_data", false);  // Form data can be removed once the minimum API >= 26.
                 easyListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easylist", true);
                 easyPrivacyEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("easyprivacy", true);
-                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboy_annoyance_list", true);
-                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboy_social_blocking_list", true);
+                fanboysAnnoyanceListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_annoyance_list", true);
+                fanboysSocialBlockingListEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("fanboys_social_blocking_list", true);
                 ultraPrivacyEnabled = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("ultraprivacy", true);
                 blockAllThirdPartyRequests = sharedPreferences.getBoolean("block_all_third_party_requests", false);
 
@@ -4329,17 +4495,19 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
                     mainWebView.getSettings().setSaveFormData(saveFormDataEnabled);
                 }
 
-                // Reset the pinned SSL certificate information.
+                // Reset the pinned variables.
                 domainSettingsDatabaseId = -1;
-                pinnedDomainSslCertificate = false;
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToCNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToONameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedToUNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByCNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByONameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslIssuedByUNameString = "";
-                pinnedDomainSslStartDate = null;
-                pinnedDomainSslEndDate = null;
+                pinnedSslCertificate = false;
+                pinnedSslIssuedToCName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedToOName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedToUName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedByCName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedByOName = "";
+                pinnedSslIssuedByUName = "";
+                pinnedSslStartDate = null;
+                pinnedSslEndDate = null;
+                pinnedIpAddresses = false;
+                pinnedHostIpAddresses = "";
 
                 // Set third-party cookies status if API >= 21.
                 if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 21) {
@@ -4376,19 +4544,21 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
 
                     // Store the applied user agent string, which is used in the View Source activity.
                     appliedUserAgentString = mainWebView.getSettings().getUserAgentString();
+
+                    // Update the user agent change tracker.
+                    userAgentChanged = !appliedUserAgentString.equals(initialUserAgent);
                 }
 
-                // Set a transparent background on `urlTextBox`.  We have to use the deprecated `.getDrawable()` until the minimum API >= 21.
+                // Set the loading of webpage images.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImages);
+
+                // Set a transparent background on `urlTextBox`.  The deprecated `.getDrawable()` must be used until the minimum API >= 21.
                 urlAppBarRelativeLayout.setBackgroundDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.color.transparent));
             }
 
             // Close the domains database helper.
             domainsDatabaseHelper.close();
 
-            // Remove the `onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet` flag and set the display webpage images mode.  `true` indicates that custom domain settings are applied.
-            onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet = false;
-            setDisplayWebpageImages();
-
             // Update the privacy icons, but only if `mainMenu` has already been populated.
             if (mainMenu != null) {
                 updatePrivacyIcons(true);
@@ -4399,26 +4569,96 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         if (reloadWebsite) {
             mainWebView.reload();
         }
+
+        // Return the user agent changed status.
+        return userAgentChanged;
     }
 
-    private void setDisplayWebpageImages() {
-        if (!onTheFlyDisplayImagesSet) {
-            if (domainSettingsApplied) {  // Custom domain settings are applied.
-                switch (displayWebpageImagesInt) {
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_SYSTEM_DEFAULT:
-                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImagesBoolean);
-                        break;
+    private void applyProxyThroughOrbot(boolean reloadWebsite) {
+        // Get a handle for the shared preferences.
+        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(this);
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_ENABLED:
-                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(true);
-                        break;
+        // Get the search preferences.
+        String homepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("homepage", getString(R.string.homepage_default_value));
+        String torHomepageString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_homepage", getString(R.string.tor_homepage_default_value));
+        String torSearchString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search", getString(R.string.tor_search_default_value));
+        String torSearchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("tor_search_custom_url", getString(R.string.tor_search_custom_url_default_value));
+        String searchString = sharedPreferences.getString("search", getString(R.string.search_default_value));
+        String searchCustomUrlString = sharedPreferences.getString("search_custom_url", getString(R.string.search_custom_url_default_value));
 
-                    case DomainsDatabaseHelper.DISPLAY_WEBPAGE_IMAGES_DISABLED:
-                        mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(false);
-                        break;
-                }
-            } else {  // Default settings are applied.
-                mainWebView.getSettings().setLoadsImagesAutomatically(displayWebpageImagesBoolean);
+        // Set the homepage, search, and proxy options.
+        if (proxyThroughOrbot) {  // Set the Tor options.
+            // Set `torHomepageString` as `homepage`.
+            homepage = torHomepageString;
+
+            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
+            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
+                formattedUrlString = homepage;
+            }
+
+            // Set the search URL.
+            if (torSearchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
+                searchURL = torSearchCustomUrlString;
+            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
+                searchURL = torSearchString;
+            }
+
+            // Set the proxy.  `this` refers to the current activity where an `AlertDialog` might be displayed.
+            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "localhost", "8118");
+
+            // Set the `appBar` background to indicate proxying through Orbot is enabled.  `this` refers to the context.
+            if (darkTheme) {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.dark_blue_30));
+            } else {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.blue_50));
+            }
+
+            // Check to see if Orbot is ready.
+            if (!orbotStatus.equals("ON")) {  // Orbot is not ready.
+                // Set `waitingForOrbot`.
+                waitingForOrbot = true;
+
+                // Disable the wide view port so that the waiting for Orbot text is displayed correctly.
+                mainWebView.getSettings().setUseWideViewPort(false);
+
+                // Load a waiting page.  `null` specifies no encoding, which defaults to ASCII.
+                mainWebView.loadData(waitingForOrbotHtmlString, "text/html", null);
+            } else if (reloadWebsite) {  // Orbot is ready and the website should be reloaded.
+                // Reload the website.
+                mainWebView.reload();
+            }
+        } else {  // Set the non-Tor options.
+            // Set `homepageString` as `homepage`.
+            homepage = homepageString;
+
+            // If formattedUrlString is null assign the homepage to it.
+            if (formattedUrlString == null) {
+                formattedUrlString = homepage;
+            }
+
+            // Set the search URL.
+            if (searchString.equals("Custom URL")) {  // Get the custom URL string.
+                searchURL = searchCustomUrlString;
+            } else {  // Use the string from the pre-built list.
+                searchURL = searchString;
+            }
+
+            // Reset the proxy to default.  The host is `""` and the port is `"0"`.
+            OrbotProxyHelper.setProxy(getApplicationContext(), this, "", "0");
+
+            // Set the default `appBar` background.  `this` refers to the context.
+            if (darkTheme) {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_900));
+            } else {
+                appBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(this, R.color.gray_100));
+            }
+
+            // Reset `waitingForOrbot.
+            waitingForOrbot = false;
+
+            // Reload the website if requested.
+            if (reloadWebsite) {
+                mainWebView.reload();
             }
         }
     }
@@ -4480,27 +4720,84 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
         }
     }
 
+    private void openUrlWithExternalApp(String url) {
+        // Create a download intent.  Not specifying the action type will display the maximum number of options.
+        Intent downloadIntent = new Intent();
+
+        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  Specifying `text/html` displays a good number of options.
+        downloadIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        downloadIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(downloadIntent, getString(R.string.open_with)));
+    }
+
     private void highlightUrlText() {
-        String urlString = urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+        // Only highlight the URL text if the box is not currently selected.
+        if (!urlTextBox.hasFocus()) {
+            // Get the URL string.
+            String urlString = urlTextBox.getText().toString();
+
+            // Highlight the URL according to the protocol.
+            if (urlString.startsWith("file://")) {  // This is a file URL.
+                // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 7, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+            } else if (urlString.startsWith("content://")) {
+                // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 10, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+            } else {  // This is a web URL.
+                // Get the index of the `/` immediately after the domain name.
+                int endOfDomainName = urlString.indexOf("/", (urlString.indexOf("//") + 2));
+
+                // Create a base URL string.
+                String baseUrl;
+
+                // Get the base URL.
+                if (endOfDomainName > 0) {  // There is at least one character after the base URL.
+                    // Get the base URL.
+                    baseUrl = urlString.substring(0, endOfDomainName);
+                } else {  // There are no characters after the base URL.
+                    // Set the base URL to be the entire URL string.
+                    baseUrl = urlString;
+                }
 
-        if (urlString.startsWith("http://")) {  // Highlight the protocol of connections that are not encrypted.
-            urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(redColorSpan, 0, 7, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
-        } else if (urlString.startsWith("https://")) {  // De-emphasize the protocol of connections that are encrypted.
-            urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 8, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
-        }
+                // Get the index of the last `.` in the domain.
+                int lastDotIndex = baseUrl.lastIndexOf(".");
 
-        // Get the index of the `/` immediately after the domain name.
-        int endOfDomainName = urlString.indexOf("/", (urlString.indexOf("//") + 2));
+                // Get the index of the penultimate `.` in the domain.
+                int penultimateDotIndex = baseUrl.lastIndexOf(".", lastDotIndex - 1);
+
+                // Markup the beginning of the URL.
+                if (urlString.startsWith("http://")) {  // Highlight the protocol of connections that are not encrypted.
+                    urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(redColorSpan, 0, 7, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+
+                    // De-emphasize subdomains.
+                    if (penultimateDotIndex > 0) {  // There is more than one subdomain in the domain name.
+                        urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 7, penultimateDotIndex + 1, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                    }
+                } else if (urlString.startsWith("https://")) {  // De-emphasize the protocol of connections that are encrypted.
+                    if (penultimateDotIndex > 0) {  // There is more than one subdomain in the domain name.
+                        // De-emphasize the protocol and the additional subdomains.
+                        urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, penultimateDotIndex + 1, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                    } else {  // There is only one subdomain in the domain name.
+                        // De-emphasize only the protocol.
+                        urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(initialGrayColorSpan, 0, 8, Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                    }
+                }
 
-        // De-emphasize the text after the domain name.
-        if (endOfDomainName > 0) {
-            urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(finalGrayColorSpan, endOfDomainName, urlString.length(), Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                // De-emphasize the text after the domain name.
+                if (endOfDomainName > 0) {
+                    urlTextBox.getText().setSpan(finalGrayColorSpan, endOfDomainName, urlString.length(), Spanned.SPAN_INCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
+                }
+            }
         }
     }
 
     private void loadBookmarksFolder() {
         // Update the bookmarks cursor with the contents of the bookmarks database for the current folder.
-        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getAllBookmarksCursorByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
+        bookmarksCursor = bookmarksDatabaseHelper.getBookmarksByDisplayOrder(currentBookmarksFolder);
 
         // Populate the bookmarks cursor adapter.  `this` specifies the `Context`.  `false` disables `autoRequery`.
         bookmarksCursorAdapter = new CursorAdapter(this, bookmarksCursor, false) {
@@ -4548,4 +4845,98 @@ public class MainWebViewActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements CreateBook
             bookmarksTitleTextView.setText(currentBookmarksFolder);
         }
     }
+
+    private void openWithApp(String url) {
+        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
+        Intent openWithAppIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+        // Set the URI but not the MIME type.  This should open all available apps.
+        openWithAppIntent.setData(Uri.parse(url));
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        openWithAppIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(openWithAppIntent);
+    }
+
+    private void openWithBrowser(String url) {
+        // Create the open with intent with `ACTION_VIEW`.
+        Intent openWithBrowserIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
+
+        // Set the URI and the MIME type.  `"text/html"` should load browser options.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(url), "text/html");
+
+        // Flag the intent to open in a new task.
+        openWithBrowserIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
+
+        // Show the chooser.
+        startActivity(openWithBrowserIntent);
+    }
+
+    // This must run asynchronously because it involves a network request.  `String` declares the parameters.  `Void` does not declare progress units.  `String` contains the results.
+    private static class GetHostIpAddresses extends AsyncTask<String, Void, String> {
+        // The weak references are used to determine if the activity have disappeared while the AsyncTask is running.
+        private final WeakReference<Activity> activityWeakReference;
+
+        GetHostIpAddresses(Activity activity) {
+            // Populate the weak references.
+            activityWeakReference = new WeakReference<>(activity);
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected String doInBackground(String... domainName) {
+            // Get handles for the activity and the alert dialog.
+            Activity activity = activityWeakReference.get();
+
+            // Abort if the activity or the dialog is gone.
+            if ((activity == null) || activity.isFinishing()) {
+                // Return an empty spannable string builder.
+                return "";
+            }
+
+            // Initialize an IP address string builder.
+            StringBuilder ipAddresses = new StringBuilder();
+
+            // Get an array with the IP addresses for the host.
+            try {
+                // Get an array with all the IP addresses for the domain.
+                InetAddress[] inetAddressesArray = InetAddress.getAllByName(domainName[0]);
+
+                // Add each IP address to the string builder.
+                for (InetAddress inetAddress : inetAddressesArray) {
+                    if (ipAddresses.length() == 0) {  // This is the first IP address.
+                        // Add the IP address to the string builder.
+                        ipAddresses.append(inetAddress.getHostAddress());
+                    } else {  // This is not the first IP address.
+                        // Add a line break to the string builder first.
+                        ipAddresses.append("\n");
+
+                        // Add the IP address to the string builder.
+                        ipAddresses.append(inetAddress.getHostAddress());
+                    }
+                }
+            } catch (UnknownHostException exception) {
+                // Do nothing.
+            }
+
+            // Return the string.
+            return ipAddresses.toString();
+        }
+
+        // `onPostExecute()` operates on the UI thread.
+        @Override
+        protected void onPostExecute(String ipAddresses) {
+            // Get handles for the activity and the alert dialog.
+            Activity activity = activityWeakReference.get();
+
+            // Abort if the activity or the alert dialog is gone.
+            if ((activity == null) || activity.isFinishing()) {
+                return;
+            }
+
+            // Store the IP addresses.
+            currentHostIpAddresses = ipAddresses;
+        }
+    }
 }
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